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1.            The Project, “Emergency Food Assistance Project (EFAP)”, is a loan and grant funded project approved by the ADB Board of Directors on 2 October 2008. The Project became effective on 14 October 2008. The initial Project closing date was 30 September 2011 and it was extended to 30 September 2012 following the endorsement from the National Food Security Task Force (NFSTF) and ADB. Again, due to the approval of an additional financing from the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program (GAFSP), owing to a satisfactory Project performance, the Project closing date is further extended to 30 June 2015. During this extension period, the Project will utilize the remaining ADB grant fund under the Project to implement envisioned activities.
2.            The Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF) is the executing agency (EA), and has established the Central Project Management Unit (CPMU) led by a Project Director to oversee the implementation of the Project. The MEF has established the NFSTF to provide policy guidance to the CPMU on project implementation. The Provincial Project Management Units (PPMUs) have been established in all targeted provinces, and are responsible for organizing project activities.
3.            The Technical Support Units (TSUs) have been established within the Ministry of Rural Development (MRD), Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology (MOWRAM), Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF), Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports (MOEYS), and National Committee for Disaster Management (NCDM). The Provincial Technical Support Units of the above ministries have also been established in the targeted provinces to assist the Project on relevant technical aspects.
4.         Other partners/Service Providers: Council for Agriculture and Rural Development (CARD), World Food Program (UN WFP), NGOs (CEDAC and BFD), and MFI (Seilannithih Ltd.)  
5. The Project Cost is US$33.56 million (loan- US$11.67 million, grant- US$17.5 million and counterpart- US$4.39 million) and TA- US$1.5 million.
6.         The goal of the Project is to utilize existing effective delivery mechanisms and institutions, and enhance their capacity as appropriate, to help the Government meet unexpected high expenditures for safety net programs for the poor and vulnerable affected by higher food, fuel, and agricultural input prices.  The Project is to establish the effective mechanism and institutions, and strengthen the Government’s capacity to be ensured that the Project complies with the ADB’s Guidelines and approved procedures.

7.         The intended impact is reduced vulnerability of food-insecure households in Cambodia. The intended outcome is improved access to sufficient food and production inputs by food-poor Cambodians in the target provinces. The Project is focused on improvement of food security of an estimated 500,000 poor and vulnerable people affected by higher food prices. Food intake by the poor is to increase, while the lowest quintile of farmers (the poorest 20% of the national population) are to be able to increase food production. Employment and income of households with limited purchasing power is to increase. The Project focused on reduction of poverty of low-income groups, and strengthen the capacity of the Government institutions involved in emergency food assistance. The focus of the Project is on improving access of the poor to food, income, and livelihood support. The Project is to assist in relieving fiscal pressures caused by a sharp rise in safety-net program expenditure.
8.         The Project consists of 3 components which are (i) Component 1: Compensatory Consumption Support; (ii) Component 2: Productivity Enhancement Support; and Component 3: Capacity Development for Emergency Response to Food Crisis and Project Management. The activities under each of the components are as follows:

9.         Component 1: Compensatory Consumption Support.

  • Free distribution of rice to the most vulnerable population groups in the Tonle Sap Basin;
  • Provision of food for the Government’s school feeding programs, to benefit students in grades 1–6;
  • Provision of cash for the Government’s school scholarship programs, to benefit students in grades 5-6 and 8-9;
  • Provision of rice to volunteer teachers in selected early childhood learning centers (ECLCs);and
  • Creation of employment for the landless and low-income households through food-for-work and cash-for-work programs.

10.       Component 2: Productivity Enhancement Support.

  • Provision of appropriate seed and fertilizer at a subsidized rate for small and marginal farmers whose capacity to purchase inputs has been significantly eroded by price increases; and
  • Quality rice, vegetable and other crops seed production and sale to target beneficiaries at an affordable price and also store to distribute during rehabilitation phase of a disaster.

11.       Component 3:  Capacity Development for Emergency Response to Food Crisis and Project Management.

  • Development of a system for emergency food security reserve and rapid response; and
  • Strengthening of the capacity of implementing agencies.
12.       Task Force Policy Decisions and ADB endorsement: A MoU was signed between the Government and the ADB Mission in February 2009 on some major changes in project scope, which was subsequently endorsed by the ADB Management on June 2009. The agreement reached between the Government and the ADB are:

13.       Component 1:

(i)             Allocate the remaining provision for free food distribution to the school feeding program;

(ii)           Raise the limits for each subproject cost for the Food-for-Work Program to $10,000and allow cash as a means of compensation. The subprojects may also be contracted with the proviso that the labour is sourced from the respective villages. On a case-to-case basis as cleared by the ADB, proposed subprojects whose cost will still exceed the revised cap can still be eligible for financing under this component provided they meet safeguard compliance requirements and where the capacity of the implementing agency to implement the subproject is proven;

(iii)         Simplify the manner by which proposals for Food-for-Work subprojects are identified to expedite its implementation;

(iv)         Assess the relevant local government's capacity to implement subprojects in the most efficient and effective manner. Where capacity of the provincial government is weak, the CPMU should look into whether the WFP can be contracted to implement the identified subproject; and

(v)          Increase the loan proceeds allocated for the Food-for-Work Program and the School Feeding Program by $5 million. This amount will be reallocated from the cancelled amount originally provisioned for rice Seeds and Fertilizers distribution from Component 2.

14.       Component 2:

(i)        Scale down the scope of the rice Seeds and Fertilizers distribution based on the availability of identified supply components. The estimated cost of the revised Component 2 is $3.5 million;

(ii)       Strategically limit the geographical coverage where the rice seeds and fertilizer will be distributed and utilized for monitoring; and

(iii)      Reduce the loan amount provisioned for rice Seeds and Fertilizers distribution from $13.8 million to $3.5 million. Of the $10.3 million to be reduced from this component, $5 million will be reallocated to the Food-for-Work Program (and the School Feeding Program). The rest of the amount ($5.3 million) will be cancelled and reallocated to the medium term productivity enhancement project being developed for Board Approval in mid-2009.

15.       Component 3:

(i)            Design a food security system through an exhaustive assessment of Cambodia's food security situation, capacity of its institutions, availability of needed facilities, and information gathered from the Project areas. The specific recommendations to be derived from this component can serve as a basis by which Government can earmark funds for priority projects to establish the food security system using their own funds or those emanating from future official development assistance that they receive.

16.       The TF and ADB endorsed the proposal of the EA to support the expansion of MAFF's quality seed production activities on 20 September 2010. A second amendment to The Financing Agreement was signed between the RGC and ADB on 13 November 2010 to reflect this assistance.

17.       The TF and ADB further endorsed the proposal of the EA to extend Project closing date from 30 September 2011 to 30 September 2012. During this extension period, the Project took step for (i) promulgation of sub-decree for the establishment of Cambodia Food Reserve System (CFRS) for emergency response; (ii) operationalization of the CFRS through drafting standard operating procedures and agreements for CFRS; and (iii) completion of other remaining activities.

18.       Due to the satisfactory Project performance, the RGC and ADB approved an additional financing from the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program (GAFSP) to extend Project closing date from 30 September 2012 to 30 June 2015. During this extension period, in addition to the activities envisioned under the additional financing, the Project will utilize the remaining ADB grant fund under the Project to implement activities pertaining to (i) operationalization of the CFRS through drafting standard operating procedures and agreements for CFRS; (ii) establishing the CFRS Committee; (iii) holding annual review meetings of the established CFRS committee; (iv) carrying out capacity building activities related to CFRS; and (v) expansion of quality seed production activity.

19.       The project area is focused on the two hundred (200) communes in seven provinces around the Tonle Sap Lake, Kampong Chhnang, Pursat, Battambang, Banteay Meanchey, Otdar Meanchey, Siem Reap and Kampong Thom.

20.       The Project targets households classified as poverty level 1 and 2 according to the Identification of Poor Household Program (ID Poor), a national targeting mechanism developed by the Ministry of Planning. ID poor and some additional criteria are used to identify the target beneficiaries for subsidized quality seeds and fertilizer distribution and Cash for Work (CFW). Participatory and transparent approaches for beneficiary verification and targeting (a three-tier targeting process to involve community, government and engagement of an independent monitor) are followed to ensure the effective targeting.

CPMU = Central Project Management Unit;
EA = Executing Agency;
FGIA = First Generation Imprest Account;
MAFF = Ministry of Agriculture; Forestry and Fisheries;
MOC = Ministry of Commerce;
MOEYS = Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports;
MOWA = Ministry of Women Affairs;
MOWRAM = Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology;
MRD = Ministry of Rural Development;
NCDM = National Committee for Disaster Management;
PCDM = Provincial Committee for Disaster Management;
PDA = Provincial Department of Agriculture;
PDRD = Provincial Department of Rural Development;
PDOWRAM =  Provincial Department of Water Resources and Meteorology
PPMU = Provincial Project Management Unit.

Key Persons Involved in Implementation

Executing Agency: Ministry of Economy and Finance                H.E. Vong Sandap

Under Secretary of State
Telephone: +855-23-430-716
Email address: sandap@efap.org.kh
Office Address: #17, St. 95 Conner 75,
Daun Penh, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Project Officer
Nao Ikemoto

Senior Natural Resources Management  Specialist
Email address: nikemoto@adb.org