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Preah Vihear

TARGET DISTRICT AND COMMUNE

 

 

Preah Vihear Province: 11 target communes of 5 districts. There are 3 communes such as Kulen Khang Chheung, Kulen Khang Tbongand and Thmei are located in Kulen district; 3 communes such as Mlu Prey Muoy, Sangke Pir and Kampong Sralau Pir are located in Chheb district; 1 commune such as Yeang is located in Choam Ksan district; 2 communes such as Pou and Prame are located in Tbeng Meanchey district; and the other 2 communes such as Putrea and Saang are located in Chey Sen district. The number of households ID Poor I and II of each target commune are shown in table below:


 

OUTPUT I: INCREASED AVAILABILITY TO AND AWARENESS OF NUTRITIOUS FOOD AND HYGIENE AMONG THE FOOD-INSECURE HOUSEHOLDS

 

A. Cash For Works and Civil Work (CFW/CWs) Scheme


I. The PPMU, PDRD & PDOWRAM participated in a two days CFW training workshop conducted by CPMU at Siem Reap to disseminate the updated CFW guidelines and to train the line department officials on the requirements for a CFW sub-project implementation (proposal preparation, implementation and closing out). An exposure visit to a completed CFW and Civil Works road and canal sub-projects was also organized. A total of 5 officials from PPMU, PDRD and PDOWRAM participated in the workshop.


II. There are 6 CFWs sub-project proposal (5 roads and 1 canal rehabilitation) have been submitted and approved by the CPMU. All the approved CFWs road and canal rehabilitation sub-project have been completed. The disbursements were already made to 233 households including with 41 are female head. Total beneficiary of CFW roads was 881 households including with 416 females. Total length of completed cash for work roads is 3.9 km . They connect to national roads, local schools, villages to villages, rice fields, and health centers.
The potential of the completed cash for work canals is able to irrigate 400 ha including lands of 537 beneficiaries household with 288 female headed.


Table 1: Status of Cash for Work Sub-projects in Preah Vihear

                                                                                                                                                                    

III. Pre-works for 14 Civil Work Sub-projects (11 roads and 3 Irrigation System rehabilitations) were conducted. Fourteen (14) proposals (11 roads and 3 canal/dams) have been submitted to the CPMU for approvals. All the fourteen (14) proposals (11 roads and 3 canals) were approved by CPMU.
Till date, seven (7) civil work contracts were finished (5 roads and 2 tertiary canal/dams).
Evaluations of the civil work contracts were made by CPMU with PPMU permanent secretary, CPs technical staffs and local authority.
There are seven (7) new civil work contract which are ongoing. Six (6) of them are roads and one (1) is irrigation system rehabilitation.
Total length of CWs road being rehabilitated is around 38 Km covering 6 communes (Kulen Cheung, Kulen Tbong, Thmey, Pour, Puttrea, and Yeang). Total irrigate potential areas of CW tertiary canal rehabilitated is around 2700 ha covering two communes (Thmey and Kulen Cheung commune).


Table 2: Status of CWs Sub-projects implementation in Preah Vihear


                                                                                                                        
IV. Civil work proposals for construction of 11 Commune Dissemination and Training Centers were prepared and submitted by each of all the target communes. The bids for selection of contractor were opening on Wednesday July 8, 2015 at Central Project Management Unit.
         
B. Nutrition and Health

 

V. Together with the CPMU, the PPMU coordinated with the Plan International Cambodia (PLAN) to conduct a provincial workshop to kick start the implementation of the nutrition and livelihoods activities. The workshop was conducted on 06 June 2013 and participated by 59 participants from commune council and district authority, line department's officials (PDA, PDH, PDRD & PDOWA) and local NGOs.


VI. PPMU collaborated with PLAN and its partner to conduct a joint provincial workshop for three provinces (Kampong Thom, Kampong Cham and Preach Vihear) in Kampong Thom province for a Field Needs Assessment. The workshop was held on 8-9 October 2013. The participants were from PPMU, PDRD, PDAFF, PDOWA, PCDM, PDOH and Fishery Administration. The workshop helped the participants to understand the project and to develop plan and conduct the field need assessment more effectively.


VII. PPMU collaborated with PLAN and its partner to conduct a joint provincial workshop for four provinces (Kampong Thom, Kampong Cham, Preah Vihear and Prey Veng) in Kampong Cham province for the training of trainer. The workshop was held on 17-21 February 2014. The participants were from PCDM, PDRD, PDA, PDOWA, PDOH and Fishery Administration. The workshop helped the participants to understand and building capacity on the community training assessment.


VIII. The PPMU in collaboration with PLAN and its partner to conducted a Phasing-out workshop at Kampong Thom province on February 28, 2015. The participants were from PCDM, PDRD, PDAFF, PDOWA, PDOH and Fishery Administration.


OUTPUT II: INCREASED ACCESS TO IMPROVED AGRICULTURAL INPUTS AND TECHNOLOGIES AMONG FOOD-INSECURE FARMERS AND WOMEN

 

A. Seed and Fertilizer


I. CPMU conducted Provincial seminar/meeting in the province on 28 March 2013 to train local authorities on (i) identification of beneficiary households eligible to get seed and fertilizer, (ii) assessment of demand, and (iii) conduction of open village meeting (OVM) to validate eligible beneficiary households and demands. A total of 30 participants (including 02 females) from commune councils and district authority together with PPMU officials participated in the workshop.


II. CPMU conducted a Provincial seminar/meeting in the province on 06 June 2013 to disseminate the Procedure of Subsidized Sale of Rice and Vegetable Seeds and Fertilizer to target beneficiary households in project target communes in wet season 2013. A total of 59 participants (including 18 females) from commune councils and district authority together with PPMU officials participated in the workshop.


III. PPMU with supports from CPMU, conducted wet season subsidized sale of seed and fertilizer to poor farmer household in respective target communes on 12-15 August, 2013. As a result, the subsidized distribution was conducted successfully as planned and 477 beneficiaries including 74 women-headed households bought the inputs.


Table 3: Status of Subsidized Sale of Good Quality Seed and Fertilizers Wet Season 2013
 
                                                                                                   
IV. The amount of inputs sold included 13,775 kg of rice seed, 19,375 kg DAP, 26,925 kg of UREA, 142 bags of string bean, 146 bags eggplant, 104 bags cucumber, 239 bags sweet corn, 219 bags glutinous corn and 47 bags of tomato. The total cash collected was 70,396,000 Riel.


V. PPMU with the supports from CPMU, conducted dry season subsidized sale of seed and fertilizer to poor farmer household in respective target communes on 3-6 December, 2013. As a result, the subsidized distribution was held as planned and successfully with 154 eligible beneficiaries included 32 women-headed households receiving the inputs from the project.


VI. The amount of inputs sold included 5460 Kg of rice seed, 5400 Kg of DAP and 8325 Kg of UREA. 94 bags of string bean, 56 bags eggplant, 55 bags cucumber, 58 bags sweet corn, 80 bags glutinous corn, 31 bags of tomato.


Table 4: Status of Subsidized Sale of Good Quality Seed and Fertilizers In Dry Season 2013


 
                                                                                                 
VII. To prepare for wet season 2014 subsidized sale of quality seed and fertilizer, CPMU had conducted provincial meeting at PPMU on January 10, 2014 to provide presentation and instruction to local authorities on (i) Disseminate experience got from 2013 subsidize sale campaign, (ii) identification of beneficiary households eligible to get seed and fertilizer, (iii) assessment of demand, and (iv) open village meeting (OVM) to validate eligible beneficiary households and demands. A total of 31 participants (including 05 female) from commune councils and district authority together with PPMU officials participated in the workshop.


VII. Refresher training on OVM procedure was conducted at each target communes a day before OVM campaign. The capacity on OVM procedure of 62 trainees including 8 female from commune council and village leaders was strengthen on 20-21 January, 2014.


VIII. OVM to validation of eligible beneficiary for wet season 2014 was conducted from 22-23 January, 2014. There are 657 eligible poor household were registered to buy rice seed vegetable seed and fertilizer from the project during the OVM. Among that 111 are female headed.
IX. PPMU with the supports from CPMU, conducted wet season subsidized sale of seed and fertilizer to poor farmer households in respective target communes from 6-10 May, 2014. As a result, the subsidized distribution was conducted successfully, on time and right to the procedure with 529 beneficiaries including 99 women-headed households came to buy the inputs.


Table 5: Status of Subsidized Sale of Good Quality Seed and Fertilizers Wet Season 2014

                                                                                    
X. The amount of  inputs sold included rice seed (Sen Kra Ob) 15,200 Kg; Fertilizer (DAP) 12,200 Kg; Fertilizer (UREA) 18,625 Kg; String Bean 84 Bags; Egg-plant 79 Bags; Cucumber 43 Bags; Sweet Corn 218 Bags; Glutinous Corn 209 Bags; Tomato 26 Bags and Amarantus 23 Bags.


XI. OVM to validate eligible beneficiaries for dry season 2014 was conducted from 6-7 August, 2014. In totally, there are 128 eligible poor households including 26 female headed were registered to buy rice seed vegetable seed and fertilizer from the project during the OVM.


XII. On November 1, 2014 PPMU with the supports from CPMU, conducted dry season subsidized sale of seed and fertilizer to poor farmer households in respective target communes. As a result, the subsidized distribution was conducted successfully, on time and right to the procedure with 78 HHs beneficiaries including 15 women-headed households receiving the inputs.


Table 6: Status of Subsidized Sale of Good Quality Seed and Fertilizers Dry Season 2014

                                                                                     
XII. The amount of  input sold included rice seed (Sen Kra Ob) 3,200 Kg; Fertilizer (DAP) 2,950 Kg; Fertilizer (UREA) 4,525 Kg; String Bean 27 Bags; Egg-plant 17 Bags; Cucumber 13 Bags; Sweet Corn 8 Bags; Glutinous Corn 18 Bags; Tomato 9 Bags and Amarantus 7 Bags.


XIII. On June 20, 2015 seed and fertilizer free distribution to strong community and self-help group were conducted and led by H.E project director. There were 12 strong community/self-help groups with a total of 362 members receiving seed and fertilizer from the Project.


Table 7: Number of input free deliver to strong community/self-help group in PVH
 

B. Emergency Preparedness and Mitigation in Agriculture

XIV. Basically dissemination of improved cultivation practices was done through distribution of leaflets during 2013 and 2014 wet and dry season subsidized sale.


XV. Training on the improved rice cultivation to poor farmer households who received the inputs was conducted by PDA with the supports from GDA of MAFF. The training was finished as scheduled from October 21, 2013 to December 14, 2013. There were 10 classes in 10 target communes. Total number of trainee is 288 including 197 females.  


XVI.    On October 16-17, 2013, the CPMU Agriculture Specialist with support from PPMU conducted a scoping study on Identification of Community Projects. The activity was aimed at improving rural livelihoods of poor particularly women through:

 

  •             Community problem identification
  •             What problems have been solved and what have not yet been solved?
  •             The requirements to solve the remaining problems; what, how, when?
  •             Who will respond to those remaining problems? by group or individual?
  •            The observation on rice crop yield and fertilizer application


Three communes have been selected for the study and the interviews were conducted involving commune chief, commune council members and beneficiary households in each of the selected communes. A total of 14 participants (including 07 females) participated in the study. The community needs were identified and reported by Agriculture Specialist.


XVII. Training on improved vegetable cultivation to poor farmer households who received the inputs was conducted by PDA with the supports from GDA of MAFF. The training was finished as scheduled from March 10, 2014 to April 8, 2014. There were 11 classes established in 11 target communes. Total of number of trainee was 328 person including 259 females.


XVIII. Training on natural fertilizer preparation (Campos) and the instruction on Pesticide using to poor farmer households who received the inputs was conducted by PDA with the supports from GDA of MAFF. The training was finished as scheduled frm April 27, 2014 to May 17, 2014. There were 11 classes established in 11 target communes. Total number of trainee was 299 including 199 females.


XIX. Training on pre and post-harvest to poor farmer households who received the inputs was conducted by PDA with the supports from GDA of MAFF. The training was finished as scheduled from April 30, 2014 to May 27, 2014. There were 11 classes established in 11 target communes. Total number of trainee was 300 including 198 females.


XX. Workshop to disseminate agricultural congress/training preparation was conducted by CPMU on January 12, 2015 at Cambodiana Hotel. The workshop was chaired by H.E project director, GDA deputy director and International Project Team Leader. Five people from Preah Vihear attended workshop with 3 people from PDA one from PPMU and one provincial facilitator. The workshop was led by H.E project director and instructed by GDA skilled officer, CPMU finance officer and facilitate by international project team leader. Draft work plan was proposed in the workshop and technical officers from all the target provinces complete their plan.


On January 26, 2015 technical meeting on agricultural congress/training arrangement was conducted and led by H.E project director at CPMU office. The meeting is focused on the identification of number of participants/events, number of courses/congress, location and financial matters.


On March 6, 2015 meeting on advance clearance for agricultural congress/ training and format documents to be use was conducted at CPMU with  presentation provided by CPMU financial officer. The PPMU financial officer and facilitators were also invited to join the meeting. Financial supporting documents along with technical instruction were provided during meeting.


Till date, 21 mushroom training and 36 demonstrations have been conducted and finished with total participants of 1020 poor farmer households including 645 female headed. There were 21 training courses and 30 demonstrations on compost making conducted and finished. The number of participants in the training on compost making and demonstration was 1003 poor farmer households including 654 females.  A total of 32 Farmer technical congress have been conducted and finished. There 7225 farmer households including 4996 women-headed.

Table 8: Agricultural Event Data by Month, 2015


             
                                                                                    

OUTPUT III: IMPROVED CAPACITY TO MAINSTREAM FOOD SECURITY

 

Mainstreaming Food Security and Nutrition

 

I. On October 10, 2013, a consultation meeting with Food Security and Nutrition Specialists was held at PPMU office with participation from PPMU Manager and two PCDM focal staff. The meeting aimed to discuss with PCDM focal points on capacity need assessment, information sharing mechanism of PCDM with NCDM as well as with CARD FSNIS and how EFSP-AF intervene to improve performance of PCDM.


II. Training to improve capacity to mainstream of food security and nutrition was conducted by Council of Agriculture and Rural Development (CARD) from 17-20 December, 2013 in Preah Vihear provincial hall. The training focused on the coordination structure for emergency response and FSN, Information and data management for emergency response and FSN. The trainees were from PPMU, PCDM and line departments. Total number of trainees was 35 including 5 females.


III. National Trainer Pool for FSN and DM data collection lead by CARD, with the support from the (EFAP-AF) has conducted one day training at the provincial hall on March 20, 2015 and June 26, 2015. A total of 53 Provincial Government officials from distrct/ communes including with 7 women officials participated in the training. The main objectives of the trainings are: to make awareness provincial officials about the basic concept of Food Security and Nutrition; to build capacity and methodology on how to collect data regarding to FSN and DM in their areas (Village/commune/districts).

 

OUTPUT IV: EFFECTIVE PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION AND MANAGEMENT


Project Management


I. The CPMU conducted a sensitization workshop in the province on 03 December 2012. The main objective was to disseminate information related to the Project, and to train local authorities on identification of beneficiary households. A total of 41 participants from commune councils and district authority together with PPMU, PDRD, PDOWRAM and PDA officials participated in the workshop.


II. CPMU conducted a Project launch workshop at Raffle Le Royal Hotel, Phnom Penh on 24 December 2012. A total of 5 staffs from Preach Vihear participated in the workshop.   


III. A consultation meeting on subsidized sale of seed and fertilizer was conducted at PPMU Office with participations of H.E Project Director and staffs from PPMU, PDA and CPMU. The meeting discussed the preparation for the next subsidized sale of rice and vegetable seed and fertilizer to beneficiaries for dry season 2013. With instruction from the Project Director, the PDA staff was assigned to do research and determine the target communes and villages for dry season subsidized program. The Project Director expressed his high appreciation for the project team who tried their best for the success of the first subsidized sale.


IV. PPMU and CPs officials attended a series of training workshops on project financial management, CFW implementation, etc. organized by the CPMU team.


V. The PPMU conducted several meetings and provided on-the-job training to CPs teams to build their capacity on the development of work-plan and budget, implementation, reporting, CFW proposal development with support from the responsible provincial facilitator. In addition, the PPMU provided refresher trainings on subsidized sale of seeds and fertilizers to commune council members and village chiefs, etc.


VI. PPMU also facilitated other project activities guided by CPMU management. They include the conducting of baseline survey, making comments on PPMS for monitoring project implementation and assessing project performance, and updating the gender action monitoring sheet.


VII. PPMU together with the provincial facilitator monitored all CFW sub-project sites to ensure all were in compliance with the CFW procedures.


VIII. A two-day basic GPS training was conducted in Preah Vihear on October 14-15, 2013 with participation from 3 PPMU and 2 PDRD staffs. After the in-class training, a field practice was also conducted at the project sites. In addition, the PPMU Office internet network was also installed.


IX. A three-day training on Baseline survey and Impact Assessment Results Preparation and How to use Baseline database, Data entry and analyst by using of SPSS program took place from 10 to 12 February 2014.


X. A two-day training and practice on project progress monitoring sheet (PPMS) was conducted at PPMU office. The instruction and explanation on how to filling of PPMS was presented by CPMU skilled officers. Provincial facilitator was proposed to responsible in consolidating all data received from involved sector and submitting to CPMU per quarter.


XI. A one-day training workshop on assessment of dry season 2013 input distribution and the guiding on how to do data entry for wet season 2013 impact assessment and DS-2013 survey instruction was held at Hotel Raffle Le Royal, Phnom Penh, chaired by H.E project director and facilitate by International Project Team Leader.


XII. A one-day training cum workshop on cash for work impact assessment was conducted at Hotel Cambodiana. Workshop was chaired by H.E project director and facilitated by CPMU international team leader.


XIII. On December 26, 2014 PPMU staff joint workshop on Farmer Technical Congress, Mushroom and Compost making at the PPMU. The workshop was chaired by H.E project director and the CPMU International Team Leader. The purpose of workshop were to present project progress/results, collect information regarding to commune statistics, ID poor I&II in each communes and to discuss on farmer technical congress, mushroom and compost making training preparation.


XIV. On December 30, 2014 a joint workshop on project progress and 2015 plan was held at Hotel Le President and chaired by H.E project director. The internal workshop was aim to show the project progress, results, award and next activity planned.


XV. On March 31, 2015 a project hardware handover ceremonywas held and chaired by H.E Minister of Ministry of Economy and Finance at Phnom Penh, Hotel. The ceremony was participated by all EFAP-AF target commune (100 communes), and district (33 districts).


XVI. On April 7, 2015 a project motorcycles hand-over ceremony was held at the provincial hall. The motorcycles were handover to 11target commune chiefs and 5 deputy district governors. XVII. On April 20, 2015 a workshop on input free distribution and community strengthening was held at provincial hall. The workshop was led by H.E project director and participated by district/commune officers. There were 34 people including 5 females participated in the workshop.