TARGET DISTRICT AND COMMUNE
OUTPUT I: INCREASED AVAILABILITY TO AND AWARENESS OF NUTRITIOUS FOOD AND HYGIENE AMONG THE FOOD-INSECURE HOUSEHOLDS
A. Cash For Work (CFW) Scheme
I. The PPMU, PDRD and PDOWRAM participated in a two day CFW training workshop conducted by the CPMU at Siem Reap on 17-18 January 2013 to disseminate the updated CFW guidelines and to train the line department officials on the requirements for a CFW sub-project implementation (proposal preparation, implementation and closing out). An exposure visit to completed CFW and Civil Work road and canal sub-projects was also organized. A total of 5 officials from PPMU, PDRD and PDOWRAM participated in the workshop.
II. As of 30 June 2015, CPMU approved a total of 42 CFW road sub-projects. A total of 39 of them were completed and the cash disbursement was already arranged. Three CFW road projects are ongoing. There is no CFW canal sub-project designed and submitted by the Takeo PDoWRAM.
Table 1: Status of CFW sub-projects in 10 target communes of Takeo
III. There were 5,604 beneficiaries (including 2,565 females) participated in the implementation of the 39 completed sub-projects. The total length of all the sub-projects was 31.906 Km and the total cost was about US$ 423,785. This means around US$ 127 was earned by each of the participating household.
Table 2: Status of Cash Disbursement for CFW sub-projects in Takeo
IV. As of 30 June 2015, all six CW projects (four dikes, one canal and one road) had already been completed. The 15.686 km lateriting over CFW projects were implemented with the progress status of 90%. The second lateriting over the CFW projects of more than 8 Km were also implemented with the progress status of about 15% and they all are expected to be completed in the next quarter.
B. Nutrition and Health
V. Together with the CPMU, the PPMU coordinated with the Plan International Cambodia (PLAN) to conduct a provincial workshop to kick start the implementation of the nutrition and livelihoods activities. The workshop was conducted on 13 June 2013 morning and attended by 57 participants (Including 13 female participants) from commune council and district authority, line departments’ officials (PDA, PDH, PDRD & PDOWA) and local NGOs.
VI. The Takeo PPMU collaborated with PLAN and its partner NGO(FLD) to identify 11 concerned officers from PPMU, PDRD, PDAFF, PDOWA, PCDM, PDOH and Fishery Administration to join a joint provincial workshop for four provinces (Prey Veng, Svay Rieng, Kampong Speu and Takeo province) in Prey Veng province for the Field Needs Assessment. The workshop was held on 8-9 October 2013. The workshop helps the participants to understand the project and to develop field need assessment plan and conduct the assessment more effectively.
VII. After attending the workshop, the FLD mobilized officials from concerned provincial departments to successfully conduct the field need assessment in 78 villages of 10 communes and three districts in Takeo on 14-25 October 2013. The pre-designed questionnaire was used during the field work. The data-entry of 3,716 completely-valid questionnaires was done for the period of 22 October – 01 November 2013. The database and field report were prepared by LFD sent to the Plan International for further analysis and reporting. As of 31 December 2013, there were 176 farmer promoters (Including 88 female) selected by FLD. It also selected 29 existing SHGs for further building their capacity.
VIII. For 17-21 February 2014, there were 10 participants (3 female) from PCDM, line departments and FLD participated in the ToT training organized by Plan International in Takeo province. After the filed need assessment, there were 2,759 HHs registered for the agricultural inputs from the project.
IX. As of December 2014, FLD organization staff had formed and trained 29 SHGs consisting of 1,451 members (Including 829 females). It has identified and selected 246 farmer promoters and village health support groups (including 148 females). They have received various ToT trainings on animal raising, basic health care and so on organized by trainers from line departments and FLD.
X. As of December 2014, they had provided 949 trainings on fish, chicken and pig raising, home gardening, nutrition and additional food use, basic health care, climate change and so on with 15,734 participants (including 8,223 Females). There were 3,018 households who have received various input packages such as vegetable seeds, piglets, chicken, sanitation incentives, fishing nets, and others from the project. A total of 87 demonstration farms (17 fish, 8 home gardening and two pig demonstration farms) were established. There were 8 trainings organized with participation of 82 FPs & VHSGs (Include 41 female). Moreover, there were 315 participants (with 244 female) from SHGs in six communes consisting of 26 villages participated the trainings organized by the FLD organization. There were also 10 commune disaster response plans prepared.
XI. In January and February 2015, the FLD Organization had provided 186 trainings on nutrition, basic health, piglet and chicken raisings to 5,810 beneficiaries (Including 3,827 Females). It distributed the piglets to 90 beneficiaries (Including 33 females), provided the sanitation incentives to 315 farmers (Including 138 females), and conducted 157 demonstrations on piglet, chicken, fish raisings and home gardening. There were two farmer cooperatives established and trained with 100 participants (Including 73 females). A total of 157 follow-up visits were organized by the FLD organization in 121 target villages with the total of 3,103 farmers (Including 1,934 females) who participated. Then, on 23rd February 2015, the phasing out workshop of the improved livelihood and nutrition of women and children was organized. Its objectives were to present the project achievements and sustainability and exit strategic plan. There were 43 participants (Including 5 females) from PPMU, CPs and target districts and communes.
XII. On 7th May 2015, there were 26 representatives (Including 2 females) from target districts and communes in Takeo and from the PPMU were invited and participated in a workshop on SHGs capacity strengthening and possible community supports organized by the CPMU management team at the Kampong Speu Salaket meeting room. Its objectives were to present the overall status of the SHGs capacity development and identify a building of community center at each commune office.
XIII. On 2nd June 2015, H.E Vong Sandap, project director, accompanied by the CPMU/PPMU officers and provincial facilitator, presided over the distribution event of rice and fertilizers to eight strong SHGs consisting of 586 members in four target communes of Tram Kok district, Takeo province. There were a total of 46,675 kg of DAP and Urea and 18,400 kg of rice seeds was distributed.
OUTPUT II: INCREASED ACCESS TO IMPROVED AGRICULTURAL INPUTS AND TECHNOLOGIES AMONG FOOD-INSECURE FARMERS AND WOMEN
A. Seed and Fertilizer
I. The CPMU conducted Provincial seminar/meeting in the province on 19 March 2013 to train local authorities on (i) identification of beneficiary households eligible to get seed and fertilizer, (ii) assessment of demand, and (iii) conduction of open village meeting (OVM) to validate eligible beneficiary households and demands. A total of 25 participants (including 02 female) from commune councils and district authority together with PPMU and PDA officials participated in the workshop.
II. The CPMU conducted a Provincial seminar/meeting in the province on 13 June 2013 to disseminate the Procedure of Subsidized Sale of Rice and Vegetable Seeds and Fertilizer to target beneficiary households in Project target communes for wet season 2013. A total of 19 participants (including 02 female) from commune councils and district authority together with the PPMU and PDA officials participated in the workshop.
III. Then, the sale event was successfully implemented from 22-23 August 2013 in six target communes in Takeo province. As a result, there were 1,397 target farmers (around 34% women headed households) who bought seeds and fertilizers at the subsidized price from the scheme in the wet season 2013. The total quantity of seeds and fertilizers sold in the province included 67,500 Kilograms of IR66; 67,425 Kilograms of DAP; 106, 075 Kilograms of Urea; and 1, 826 Baskets of vegetable seeds.
IV. As a result of OVM undertakings in November 2013, there were 885 eligible beneficiary farmers (21% female beneficiary HH) thumbprinted for subsidized seeds and fertilizers from the project for the dry season 2013. The total quantity of inputs demanded were 75,575 Kilograms of IR66, 73,975 Kilograms of DAP, 110,900 Kilograms of Urea and 730 Baskets of vegetable seeds (equivalent to 231.87 Kilograms).
V. From14 to 18 December 2013, the subsidized sales of seeds and fertilizers for dry season 2013 were carried out in six target communes in Takeo province. As a result, there were 810 target households (Including 175 WHHs) who bought seeds and fertilizers at the subsidized price. The total quantity of seeds and fertilizers sold were 74,225 kilograms of IR 66, 72,800 Kilograms of DAP, 109,225 Kilograms of Urea, and 447 Baskets of vegetable seed.
VI. For the period of 2-4 February 2014, communal guiding workshops on the OVM procedures and the OVMs had been held in 6 target communes of Takeo province. As a result, there were 1,847 households (Including 711 WHH) who registered for seeds and fertilizers at the subsidized price. The total quantities of seeds and fertilizers demanded were 104,475 Kilograms of Rice seed (Sen Kro Oup), 104,475 Kilograms of DAP, 161,000 Kilograms of Urea, and 928.97 Kilograms of vegetable seeds.
For 20-24 May 2014, the subsidized sale of seeds and fertilizers was conducted in 6 target communes of Takeo province. As a result, there was a total of 1,788 households (Including 702 WHH) who bought quality seeds and fertilizers at the subsidized price from the project. The total quantities of seeds and fertilizers sold were 100,975 Kilograms of Rice seed (Sen Kra Ob), 100,975 Kilograms of DAP, 156,000 Kilograms of Urea and 2,074 Bags of the vegetable seeds.
VII. In August 2014, the CPMU and PPMU officers and experts held the communal workshops on the OVM procedures of the dry season 2014 input distribution in 6 target communes of Takeo province. The main objectives were to present the OVM procedures and jointly work out the actual OVM schedule. There were 73 participants (including 6 females) who were the commune councillors, clerk, and village chiefs. Then, the OVMs were conducted in collaboration with commune and village authorities. As a result, there were 997 beneficiaries (Including 192 WHH) who registered to buy the subsidized seeds and fertilizers from the project. The total quantities of seeds and fertilizers requested were 93,875 Kilograms of rice seed (IR66), 93,875 Kilograms of DAP, 140,700 Kilograms of Urea, and 99.175 Kilograms of vegetable seeds.
VIII. The communal workshops on the subsidized sale procedures and schedule were organized by CPMU and PPMU team with supports from the PF for 28-29 November 2014 in 6 target communes of Takeo province. There were 85 participants (including 7 females) who were the commune councillors, clerk, and village chiefs.
IX. Then, the subsidized sale was conducted from 1-5 December 2014 in collaboration with commune and village authorities. As a result, there were 942 beneficiaries (Including 182 WHH) who bought quality seeds and fertilizers at the subsidized price from the project. The total quantities of seeds and fertilizers sold were 89,550 Kilograms of Rice seed (IR66), 89,550 Kilograms of DAP, 134,250 Kilograms of Urea, 353 baskets of vegetable seeds. The total amount of cash collected from the sale was equal to 334,172,500 KHR.
X. On 5th February 2015, there was a national workshop on the wet season 2014 distribution assessment. And the assessment was conducted by the PPMU officers and monitor team with support from the provincial facilitator during 13-16 February 2015. As a result, 141 selected ID poor 1 & 2 households were interviewed. The monitors and PF had done the data entry using the completed questionnaires and sent the updated database to the CPMU.
XI. On 26 March 2015, a national workshop on the dry season 2014 distribution assessment was organized by the CPMU with participation of PPMU technical officer, monitors and provincial facilitator. Its objectives were to review the draft questionnaire and present the field work scheduled to finish the direct interview by 10 April 2015.
XII. The monitor team and provincial facilitator jointly conducted a field interview for dry season 2014 distribution assessment during the period of 19-23 May 2015. There were 109 beneficiaries in two target communes interviewed and the completed questionnaires were reviewed and sent to the CPMU for data entry.
B. Seed Production
XIII. The CPMU, through GDA and PDA, endorsed the engagement of the Srae Kes and Prey Romdeng Associations located in Som and Prey Romdeng communes respectively, Kirivong district, Takeo province to produce quality rice seed for the project. As a result, the Srae Kes association produced 140 tons (70 tons of IR66 and 70 tons of Chulsa) and the Prey Romdeng Association produced 100 tons of Chulsa for the period of February-June 2013.
XIV. During June-October 2013, as agreed the Srae Kes produced 100 tons (60 tons of IR66 and 40 tons of Chulsa) and the Prey Romdeng also produced 40 tons of Chulsa rice seed to supply the additional project demand.
C. Emergency Preparedness and Mitigation in Agriculture
XV. During the subsidized sales for wet and dry seasons 2013 and 2014, leaflets on improved cultivation practices were distributed to all eligible beneficiaries.
XVI. The CPMU Agriculture Specialist, conducted a scoping study to identify additional community projects in Prek Phtol, Borey Chulsa and Trapeang Thom Khang Cheng communes on 11-12 September 2013. Focus group discussions with CC members were organized, complemented by direct interview with some ID poor households in each of the visited communes. A total of 27 participants (including 11 females) participated in the study. The purpose of the study was to identify appropriate pro-poor community projects to help improve livelihoods, especially of poor women in EFAP-AF target communes. The community needs were identified and reported by Agriculture Specialist to the project management.
XVII. From 14 to 25 October 2013, the PDA (With technical support from GDA), conducted a training on improved practices for rice crop and vegetables to target beneficiaries in target villages of six communes in two districts, Takeo province. A total of 180 target farmers (around 65% female trainee) participated in the trainings. Most of them were satisfied with the training course and going to apply those practices to increase their rice yield and further disseminating those good practices to other farmers in their villages.
XVIII. As of 31 March 2014, there were 360 farmers (235 female) from six target communes participated in 12 training sessions on vegetable production and compost preparation conducted by the PDA trainers. As of June 2014, there were 180 farmers (106 female) from six target communes participated in six training sessions on natural pesticide production techniques conducted by the PDA trainers. In addition, they organized six training sessions on post-harvest technologies in six communes with 180 participants (Including 102 Females).
XIX. The PDA proposal was approved with the total cost of US$ 71,247.75 to cover the conduct of 46 farmer technical congress, 13 mushroom cultivation and 20 demonstrations, and 9 compost makings with 11 demonstrations. As of 31 March 2015, there were nine congresses conducted with 2,649 participants including 1,680 females, three mushroom trainings and five demonstrations were conducted with 112 participants (Including 21 females), and four compost making trainings and six demonstrations were also conducted with 128 participants (Including 74 females). As of 31 March 2015, the total expenditure was US$ 12,594.50 for conducting them and the clearance documents were continuously reviewed and sent to the CPMU finance officer.
XX. As of 30 June 2015, there were 46 farmer technical congresses with total participant of 12,516 (including 6,966 females), 13 mushroom cultivation trainings with participant of 449 (including 170 females), and 9 compost making trainings with participant of 234 (including 111 females) conducted by the PDA trainer team under the follow-up action made by the PPMU officers, provincial facilitator and monitors. The preliminary report was made and sent the agriculture specialist. The final clearance of all supporting documents is expected to be finalized in early July. Then, the total actual costs will be reported and the total cash balance will be transferred back to the CPMU.
OUTPUT III: IMPROVED CAPACITY TO MAINSTREAM FOOD SECURITY
A. Mainstreaming Food Security and Nutrition
I. On 19 September 2013, a consultation meeting between CPMU FSN specialists and PPMU secretary, officers and PCDM officers took place at the provincial hall’s meeting room. The meeting aimed at assessing the capacity needs of PCDM, and getting to understand organizational arrangement, especially related to the capacity to manage the FSNIS at the provincial level and how EFAP-AF could support its existing setup.
II. The national trainer pool for FSN of CARD, with the support from the (EFAP-AF) conducted a three-day provincial FSN training at the provincial hall from 5 to 7 October 2013. A total of 27 provincial government officials including 5 women officials participated in the training. The main objectives of the training were:
1. to make aware provincial officials about the basic concept of Food Security and Nutrition;
2. to build capacity on methodology for analyzing the situation of FSN in the province; and
3. to identify intervention strategies and other activities to integrate of FSN into provincial development plan.
III. On 19th January 2015, a provincial training on food security and nutrition data collection and village disaster management was jointly organized by the CARD and NCDM trainer team. Its objectives are to introduce the food security concept, village disaster management, nutrition data collection tools and forward work-plan. Representatives from target communes and districts, PPMU officers and PF of 45 people (including 1 female) participated in the training.
IV. The CARD and NCDM trainer team organized follow-up provincial training on food security and nutrition data collection and village disaster management on 2nd June 2015 at the provincial hall. It was expected to use the set tools for collecting data and information at the village level for consolidating up to district and provincial levels. A total of 36 representatives (Including 2 females) from the target district and communes participated in the training.
OUTPUT IV: EFFECTIVE PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION AND MANAGEMENT
A. Project Management
I. The CPMU conducted a sensitization workshop in the province on 22 November 2012. The main objective was to disseminate information related to the Project, and to train local authorities on identification of beneficiary households. A total of 35 (including 03 female) participants from commune councils and district authority together with PPMU, PDRD, PDOWRAM and PDA officials participated in the workshop.
II. The CPMU conducted a Project launch workshop on 24 December 2012. A total of 6 (including 0 female) staffs participated in the workshop.
III. On 15 February 2013, the CPMU organized a training workshop on project financial management which led by the financial assistant. The PPMU financial officer participated in the workshop.
IV. A consultation meeting on subsidized sale of seed and fertilizer was conducted at PPMU Office with participations of H.E Project Director and staffs from PPMU, PDA and CPMU. The meeting discussed the preparation for the subsidized sale of rice and vegetable seed and fertilizer to beneficiaries for dry season 2013. With instruction from the Project Director, the PDA officer was assigned to the fields to determine the target communes and villages for dry season subsidized program.
VI. A two-day basic GPS training was conducted in Takeo on September 11-12, 2013 with participation from 1 PPMU staff. After the in-class training, a field practice was conducted on project sites. In addition, the PPMU Office internet network was also installed.
VII. Two PPMU officials and provincial facilitator attended a guiding meeting on subsidized sale of seed and fertilizers for the dry season 2013.
VIII. On 25-26 November 2013, five officials from the Takeo PPMU, PDRD, PDoWRAM and PDA and provincial facilitator were invited to participate in the PPMS and M & E workshop. It aimed at assisting all PPMUs to operate the “Results-Based Monitoring and Evaluation System” and supporting good management.
IX. A ADB Review Mission wrap up meeting was conducted at the MEF on 20th December 2013 with the presence of all involved stakeholders (Including one representative from Takeo PPMU) to discuss on the draft Aid Memore and the agreed action plan.
X. A provincial workshop on the subsidized sale result in dry season 2013 and OVM procedures for the sale in the wet season 2014 was organized and presided by H.E Vong Sandap on 20th January 2013 at the provincial governor office’s meeting room. The representatives from PPMU, PDA, and target district and commune authorities participated in the workshop. Presentations on the provincial subsidized sale’s result in dry season 2013 and brief OVM procedures were provided.
XI. On 10 February 2014, five representatives from PPMU, PDRD, PDoWRAM, PDA participated in the IA & BLS result presentations. Then, a baseline database training was continued until 12 February 2014.
XII. An introduction training on the assessment of the subsidized sale in wet season 2013 was conducted by the provincial facilitator with six participants from the provincial governor office and PDRD. As a result, 122 questionnaires were completed for three target communes as scheduled.
XIII. On 3 April 2014, the PPMS pilot training was organized by CPMU expert team with seven participants. It aimed to test the PPMS format by filling up data for January-March 2014 by all participants from concerned institutions namely PPMU, PDRD, PDoWRAM, PDA and FLD organization.
XIV. On 28 April 2014, a national guiding workshop on the subsidized sale of seeds and fertilizers was organized by CPMU team. In May 2014, communal workshops were organized by PPMU & PDA officers in 6 target communes. Its objectives were to present the sale procedures and the sale schedule.
XV. Two PPMU officers attended a national workshop on the assessment of wet and dry season 2013 inputs distribution which was organized by CPMU team on 6 June 2014. The software for the data entry was oriented, the draft questionnaire was discussed and the forward schedule of assessment of dry season 2013 input distribution was also presented and agreed for actions.
XVI. Then, the data entry exercise of the assessment of wet season 2013 inputs distribution was done and completed by PPMU officers and PF and sent to CPMU on time. For the period of 23-27 June 2014, PPMU officers and PF had conducted field interviews for the assessment of dry season 2013 input distribution in three selected target communes. There were 90 questionnaires completed and reviewed and ready for the planned data entry undertaking.
XVII. On 25 July 2014, a national midterm review workshop on overall project progress, encountered issues, best practices and lesson leaned and forward plan was organized by CPMU in Sihanuok Ville. The OVM procedures for dry season 2014 input distribution was also presented at the workshop. There were six participants from PPMU and CPs in Takeo province.
XVIII. There was a TA team meeting held on 12 September 2014. Its objectives were to discuss on the overall implementation progress, issues, forward plan and the coming ADB review mission.
XIX. After testing, the PPMU officers and PF tried to collect the updated PPMS formats from the PDRD, PDoWRAM, PDA and LNGO for consolidation. The data entry exercise of 90 completed questionnaires for the assessment of dry season 2013 input distribution was carefully done and the database had already been sent to the CPMU for analysis and reporting.
XX. On 30 September 2014, there was a national guiding workshop on the dry season 2014 quality seeds and fertilizers distribution. The PPMU manager and technical officer participated in the workshop. Then, the TA team meeting was held to discuss and clarify the errors and to speed up the completion of the PPMS data entry.
XXI. A national workshop on the CFW impact assessment was organized by the CPMU at the Cambodiana Hotel on 11th December 2014. There were two PPMU officers who attended the workshop. The objectives of the workshop were to review the draft questionnaire and present the field-work plan.
XXII. For 16-17 December 2014, group discussions to assess the CFW impact were conducted jointly by CPMU and PPMU team. As a result, there were nine completed questionnaires filled, reviewed and sent to the CPMU for further analysis and reporting.
XXIII. On 29th December 2014, a guiding workshop on the implementation of farmer technical congress, mushroom cultivation and compost making was, in collaboration with PPMU team, conducted by the CPMU. The preliminary data on numbers of village, total number of HH, ID poor 1 & 2 and places for conducting the trainings were collected in the workshop and verified for sending to the CPMU.
XXIV. On 30th October 2014, the PPMU manager attended a wrap-up meeting of the ADB review mission at the meeting room of the Ministry of Economy and Finance. For 1-3 December 2014, the NAA team met with all project stakeholders at the provincial level to discuss on the overall project progress and issues and visited the project activities in Tram Kak and Angkor Borey district.
XXV. A planning meeting cum workshop on implementation of farmer technical congress, mushroom cultivation and compost making trainings was organized jointly by CPMU and GDA teams on 12 January 2015 at the Cambodiana Hotel. Then, the CPMU invited the PPMU finance officer and PF to participate a guiding meeting on the agriculture events planning, budget procedures on 26 January 2015. The PDA team had prepared the budget proposal based on the actual demands. The thumb printed list of ID poor participants and existing data on commune households had been provided by the PPMU.
XXVI. The Provincial, District and commune representatives and others were invited and participated in a event of the “Handover of hardware (Motor, computer and printer and solar electric system) for improving the food security and disaster management data base at the sub-national level” presided by H.E Dr. AUN Pornmoniroth, Minister, Ministry of Economy and Finance on 31st March 2015 at the Phnom Penh Hotel.
XXVII. On 2nd April 2015, 13 motorcycles were re-distributed to the target district and commune authorities. And on 22nd June 2015, a hand over event of 13 computers and 13 printers to target communes and districts was organized at the provincial governor office. The contracted supplier, MEES, just started the basic installation of the solar system and provided user orientation on 30th June 2015 in Takeo. It is expected to be finalized in the early July.
XXVIII. The PPMS database was updated and consolidated till 30 June 2015 for sending to the CPMU specialist. The training list, GAM sheets and the HH monitoring database were also updated.