TARGET DISTRICT AND COMMUNE
OUTPUT I: INCREASED AVAILABILITY TO AND AWARENESS OF NUTRITIOUS FOOD AND HYGIENE AMONG THE FOOD-INSECURE HOUSEHOLDS
A. Cash For Works (CFW) Scheme
I. The PPMU, PDRD and PDOWRAM participated in a two days CFW training workshop at Siem Reap conducted by CPMU to disseminate the updated CFW guidelines and to train the line department officials on the requirements for a CFW sub-project implementation (proposal preparation, implementation and closing out). An exposure visit to a completed CFW and Civil Works road and canal sub-projects was also organized. A total of 5 officials from PPMU, PDRD and PDOWRAM participated in the workshop.
II. Till 31 September 2014, the CPMU had approved a total of 86 CFW sub-project proposals (worth of around USD 824,629) out of which 63 are road rehabilitation sub-projects (worth of around USD 616,485) and 23 were canal rehabilitation sub-projects (worth of around USD 208,143).
Table 1: Status of CFW Sub-Projects in Siem Reap
III. Out of the approved 97 CFW sub-projects, 94 have been completed and 3 under implementation. The 94 completed sub-projects engaged 7,898 beneficiary hhs (including 2,687 women headed hhs); rehabilitated 35.568km of rural road and 9.474 km of tertiary canal and generated 232,300 labour days. A total of around USD 926,010 has been disbursed and each participating beneficiary hhs earned around USD86 per CFW sub-project.
IV. The on-going 03 CFW sub-projects (worth of around USD 39,357.75) are estimated to rehabilitate a total 1.268km of rural roads. A total of 628 beneficiary households including 299 women headed households are expected to participate and derive benefits from the CFW scheme.
Table 2: Status of Cash Disbursement (USD) for CFW Sub-Projects in Siem Reap
V. PDRD designed two road rehabilitation projects through civil work (CW). Those projects sites are located in Trey Nhoar commune of Puok district. PDRD through MRD submitted the proposals for the two projects to the CPMU, and the proposals have been approved by the CPMU. The CPMU has signed contracts for implementation of the projects.
Two CW of road rehabilitation projects were awarded to contractors to construct a total length of 8.580km with contract price of 311,272.63USD. Through these projects, 670 of unskilled labour households (including 100 of women head households), 73 participants (including 28 as women) will be engaged in the implementations, and will benefit to a total of at least 21,566 (including 10,898 as women).
VI. CPMU has awarded 2 newly sub-projects for roads to the contractors to construct with total length of 15.862km and with contract amount of 607,683.16USD. Through these sub-projects, 24 HHs of unskilled labour households (including 9 female) were engaged. The projects provided benefits to 7,620 (including 4,850 as women). As of 30 June, both packages are 100% completed.
B. Nutrition and Health
VII. Together with the CPMU, the PPMU coordinated with the Plan International Cambodia (PLAN) to conduct a provincial workshop to kick-start the implementation of the nutrition and livelihoods activities. The workshop was conducted on 31 May 2013 morning and attended by 53 participants from commune councils and district authority, line department officials (PDA, PDH, PDRD & PDOWA) and local NGOs.
VIII. From 30 September to 2 October 2013, with the coordination from PPMU, the PLAN has conducted a joint provincial workshop for three provinces (Siem Reap, Banteay Meanchey and Oddar Meanchey) in Siem Reap province for the Field Needs Assessment. The participants were drawn from PPMU, PDRD, PDAFF, PDOWA, PCDM, PDOH, Fishery Administration and local NGOs. The workshop helped the participants to understand the project and to develop plan and conduct the field need assessment more effectively.
IX. In October 2013, the PLAN partner organization (HURREDO) has conducted field need assessment in 9 target communes. A total of 5076 beneficiaries among the 97 villages, 9 communes and 4 districts was interviewed and data from the interview was already entered in the given module. The existing SHGs were identified and, interviewed and the data were entered in the Excel Spread sheet. At the present 197 SHGs have been identified and 89 SHGs interviewed and the data was already entered.
X. In the implementation of livelihood and nutrition program, 129 of existing and 23 of new SHGs have been identified and formed. A total of 327 of famer promoters (including 225 female) and 97 of VHSGs (including 82 female) were identified and selected by HURREDO organization (Plan International’s NGO Partner) for livelihoods activities, food use, nutrition, basic health care, and sanitation trainings.
XI. As of 31 December 2014, under coordination of HURREDO organization, a series of training on general skills, livestock, basic health care, and nutrition were provided to farmer promoters and village Self Help Groups. The agriculture and livelihood inputs (chicken, pig, chicken’s feeding box, fishing net/tool, fingerling, etc.) were provided.
OUTPUT II: INCREASED ACCESS TO IMPROVED AGRICULTURAL INPUTS AND TECHNOLOGIES AMONG FOOD-INSECURE FARMERS AND WOMEN
A. Seed and Fertilizer
I. The CPMU conducted Provincial seminar/meeting in the province on 28 March 2013 to train local authorities on (i) identification of beneficiary households eligible to get seed and fertilizer, (ii) assessment of demand, and (iii) conduction of open village meeting (OVM) to validate eligible beneficiary households and demands. A total of 40 participants (including 06 female) from commune councils and district authority together with PPMU officials participated in the workshop.
II. The CPMU conducted a Provincial seminar/meeting in the province on 31 May 2013 to disseminate the procedure of Subsidized Sale of Rice and Vegetable Seeds and Fertilizer to target beneficiary households in Project target communes in wet season 2013. A total of 129 participants (including 15 females) from commune councils and district authority together with PPMU officials participated in the workshop.
III. Due to the National election, the seed and fertilizer subsidized sale which was originally scheduled towards the end of June 2013, was rescheduled and took place in August 2013.
IV. A total of 1,198 target farmer households including 462 Female Head Household benefitted from the subsidized sale (50% subsidy) of quality seeds and fertilizer for wet season 2013. The amount of money collected from the subsidized sale was 261,412,500 Riels.
V. From 22 October to 30 November 2013, PDA provided 8 training course to 8 target communes on new agriculture technology and demonstration to target beneficiaries. A total of 240 beneficiaries (including 153 female) participated in the training courses.
VI. On 31 October 2013, the PPMU and CPMU provided 6 training courses to 6 target communes on the OVM procedure for the dry season. A total of 97 participants (including 21 females) from commune councils and village heads/deputy heads participated in the training courses.
VII. From 01 to 04 November 2013, OVM meetings were conducted in 6 target communes for the target beneficiary to validate inputs demand for the dry season. A total of 1,456 beneficiaries (including 410 women head households) requested to buy 94.650 Tons of rice seeds, 237.925 Tons of fertilizers and 365.175 Kilograms of the 7 types of vegetable seeds, from the subsidized sale program.
VIII. From 05 to 06 December 2013, the PPMU provided 6 training courses to 6 target communes on the procedure of subsidized sale of seeds and fertilizers for the dry season. A total of 88 participants (including 17 female) from commune councils and village heads/deputy heads participated in the training courses.
IX. With supports from PPMU and CPMU, from 11 to 15 December 2013, the 6 target commune councile conducted the subsidized sale of seeds and fertilizers program. During the distribution, CEDAC organization also participated as an independent observer. From the sale program, 1,386 HHs (including 389 women head households and 254 of non women head households) bought/received the inputs while 70 HHs (including 21 women head households) were absent. The amount of money collected from the subsidized sale program was 356,696,000 Riels.
X. On 21 January 2014, the PPMU with support from CPMU provided 9 training courses on OVM procedure of subsidizes sale of seeds and fertilizers for wet season 2014 to 9 target communes. A total of 150 participants (including 28 female) from commune councils and village heads/deputy heads participated in the training courses.
XI. From 22 to 23 January 2014, the OVM meeting was conducted in 9 target communes to quantify the demand for seeds and fertilizers for the wet season 2014. A total of 2,120 beneficiaries (including 618 women head households) had registered/thumb printed for the subsidized inputs at the amount of 147.926 Tons of rice seeds, 369.820 Tons of fertilizers and 279.495 Kilograms of the 7 types of vegetable seeds.
XII. In the implementation of subsidized sale program of seeds and fertilizers program, from 15 to 31 March 2014, PDA has provided 6 training courses to 6 target communes on the vegetable production to target beneficiaries. A total of 136 participants (including 106 female) participated in the training courses.
XIII. In March 2014, PPMU team has conducted a field survey for wet season 2013 input distribution impact assessment with total of 133 HH beneficiaries in four target communes (Khnat, Trey Nhoar, Chikraeng and Spean Thnoat commune), by random sampling method.
XIV. From 16 to 17 May 2014, PPMU team has provided 9 training courses to 9 communes/Sangkats on the procedure of subsidized sale of seeds and fertilizers program for the wet season 2014. A total of 125 participants (including 22 female) from commune councils and village heads/deputy heads participated.
XV. From 20 to 25 May 2014, PPMU with support from CPMU team conducted the subsidized sale of seeds and fertilizers program in 9 target communes where a total of 2,120HHs (including 618HHs) had registered for seeds and fertilizers. During the distribution day, CEDAC organization also participated as an independent observer. From the sale program in the 9 communes, 1670 HHs (including 460 women head households) bought/received the inputs from the program while 450 HHs were absent. The amount of money collected from the second subsidized sale program was 516,686,000 Riels.
XVI. To learn about the impact of subsidized sale program, in June a field survey for dry season 2013 input distribution assessment was conducted in Siem Reap Province with 179 HHs selected as samples being interviewed.
XVII. In August 2014, PPMU has provided 6 training courses to 6 target communes/Sangkats (excluding Trey Nhoar, Leang Dai commune and Sangkat Ampil) on OVM procedure for the dry season 2014. A total of 104 participants (including 23 female) from commune councils and village heads/deputy heads participated.
XVIII. From 6 to 7 August 2014, PPMU with support from CPMU team conducted OVMs in 6 target communes. A total of 1,014 beneficiaries (including 305 women head households) were registered for the seeds and fertilizers at the total amount of 78.175 tons of rice seeds (Sen Kraob), 196.325 tons of fertilizers and 84.240 kilograms of 7 types of vegetable seeds.
XIX. From 6 to 7 August 2014, 4 of PPMU staff (including 2 female) were assigned to support Siem Reap PPMU team to conduct OVM for dry season 2014.
XX. At the end October a series of refresher training on sale procedure were conducted in 6 target communes with total of 87 (including 16 female) of commune councillors and village heads participated.
XXI. From 30 October to 4 November, with supported from PPMU and CPMU team, the 6 target communes conducted the subsidized sale of seeds and fertilizers program in each commune. Total number of HHs registered for seeds and fertilizers in the 6 communes was 1,014HHs (including 305 women head households). From the sale program of the 6 communes, 992 HHs (including 271 women head households) bought/received the inputs from the program while 22 HHs were absent. In the distribution, 76.175 tons of rice seeds, 186.325 tons of fertilizers and 302 of various vegetable seeds were distributed. The amount of money collected from the subsidized sale program worth 322,536,000 Riels. During the distribution day, CEDAC organization also participated as an independent observer.
XXII. From 25 to 27 November 2014, with supports from CPMU team, PPMU conducted a field assessment on dry season 2014 to learn about the use of seeds and fertilizers.
XXIII. On 25 December 2014, a guiding workshop on implementation of farmer technical congress, mushroom cultivation and compost making was conducted with a total of 26 participants (including 3 female) from Commune Councillors and clerk and district governor/deputy participated.
XXIV. On 12 January 2015 a planning workshop on implementation of farmer technical congress, mushroom room cultivation and compost making was conducted at national level with 5 participants from SRP-PDA and PPMU participated.
XXV. In March 2015, three training courses and demonstrations on mushroom cultivation were conducted with 70 participants (including 55 females) of poor I & II. Six training courses and demonstrations on compost making were arranged with 132 (including 109 female) of poor I&II attended. And six of farmer technical congresses were conducted at the commune level with 1,796 (including 1238 females) local farmers participated.
XXVI. On 4 March, training on data entry for wet season 2014 input distribution assessment was provided by CPMU at PPMU office with 3 participants from the PPMU.
XXVII. From April to June 2015, 43 of farmer technical congress were conducted in the 10 target communes with a total of 15,038 participants (including 9,066 Females) of poor and non poor households. A total of 12 training courses on mushroom cultivation were conducted with 515 participants (including 422 females) of poor I & II households. And four training courses on compost making were conducted with 438 participants (including 358 females) of poor I & II households.
XXVIII. From 26 to 29 May 2015, a field survey for assessment on dry season 2014 input distribution was conducted with 143 of beneficiary HHs being interviewed.
B. Emergency Preparedness and Mitigation in Agriculture
XXIX. Dissemination of improved cultivation practices was done through distribution of leaflets during all the subsidized sale of seeds and fertilizers.
XXX. CPMU Agriculture Specialist with support from Provincial Facilitator conducted a scoping study in two communes on 08 October 2013. The purpose of the study was to identify appropriate pro-poor community projects to help improve livelihoods, especially of poor women in EFAP-AF target area. A total of 17 participants (including 10 females) participated in the study. The community needs were identified and reported by Agriculture Specialist.
OUTPUT III: IMPROVED CAPACITY TO MAINSTREAM FOOD SECURITY
A. Mainstreaming Food Security and Nutrition
I. A consultation meeting with Food Security and M &E Specialists was held at PPMU office with participation from PPMU Manager and one PCDM staff. The meeting discussed to assess the capacity need, information sharing mechanism of PCDM with NCDM as well as with CARD FSNIS and how EFAP-AF could intervene to improve performance of PCDM.
II. The National Trainer Pool for FSN of CARD, with the support from the (EFAP-AF) has conducted a three-day provincial FSN Training at Siem Reap province. A total of 21 Provincial Government officials including 10 women officials participated in the trainings. The main objectives of the trainings were:
a. to make aware provincial officials about the basic concept of Food Security and Nutrition;
b. to build capacity on methodology for analyzing the situation of FSN in the province; and
c. to identify intervention strategies and other activities to integrate of FSN into provincial development plan.
III. On 23 June, a training workshop on food security and disaster data collection was conducted at provincial level with 42 participants (including 3 females) from target communes and districts.
OUTPUT IV: EFFECTIVE PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION AND MANAGEMENT
A. Project Management
I. The CPMU conducted a sensitization workshop in the province on 23 November 2012. The main objective was to disseminate information related to the Project, and to train local authorities on identification of beneficiary households. A total of 33 participants from commune councils and district authority together with PPMU, PDRD, PDOWRAM and PDA officials participated in the workshop.
II. The CPMU conducted a Project launch workshop on 24 December 2012. A total of 5 staffs of the PPMU participated in the workshop.
III. A consultation meeting on subsidized sale of seed and fertilizer was conducted at PPMU Office under chaimanship of H.E Project Director and participate by staffs from PPMU, PDA and CPMU. The meeting discussed the preparation for the next subsidized sale of rice and vegetable seed and fertilizer to beneficiaries for dry season 2013. With instruction from Project Director, the PDA staffs were assigned to do a research and determine the target communes and villages for dry season subsidized program. The Project Director expressed his high appreciation for the project team who tried their best for the success of the first subsidized sale operations.
IV. The PPMU and CPs officials attended a series of training workshops on project financial management, CFW implementation, etc. organized by the CPMU team.
V. The PPMU conducted several meetings and provided on-the-job training to CPs teams to build their capacity on the development of work-plan and budget, implementation, reporting, CFW proposal development and cash request with support from the responsible provincial facilitator. In addition, the PPMU provided refresher trainings on subsidized sale of seeds and fertilizers to commune council members and village chiefs, etc.
VI. The PPMU also facilitated other project activities guided by CPMU management. They included the conducting of baseline survey, making comments on PPMS for monitoring project implementation and assessing project performance, and updating the gender action monitoring sheet.
VII. The PPMU together with the provincial facilitator monitored all CFW sub-project sites and participated in all cash disbursements to the project participants to ensure all are in compliance with the CFW procedures.
VIII. A two-day basic GPS training was conducted in Siem Reap on October 9, 2013 with participation from 1 PPMU and 1 PDRD staffs. After the in-class training, a field practice was done at project sites. In addition, the PPMU Office has also been provided with Internet access.
IX. The CPMU conducted workshop on OVM procedure for dry season on 11 October 2013 at Hotel Le Royal, Phnom Penh. Two PPMU staff and provincial facilitator were invited and participated in the workshop.
X. On 22 November 2013, CPMU conducted workshop on the dry season distribution at Hotel Le Royal, Phnom Penh. The participants invited and participated were 1 PPMU staff, 1 PPMU project manager and provincial facilitator.
XI. From 25-26 November 2013, CPMU conducted workshop on PPMS and M&E. The participants invited and participated were 2 PPMU staff, provincial facilitator, 1 PDA staff, 1 PDRD staff and 1 PDOWRAM staff.
XII. On 20 December 2013, CPMU conducted a wrap up meeting/workshop with the ADB mission at Hotel Le Royal, Phnom Penh. The participant invited and participated was a representative of PPMU and provincial facilitator.
XIII. The CPMU conducted workshop on OVM procedure for dry season on 11 October 2013 at Hotel Le Royal, Phnom Penh. Two PPMU staff and provincial facilitator were invited and participated in the workshop.
XIV. A half-day workshop on Open Village Meeting of Seed and Fertilizer Subsidizing for wet season 2014 was conducted at provincial office. A total of 33 participants was drawn from commune councils.
XV. A three-day training workshop on impact assessment and field survey was conducted by Cross Road to Development LTD. Two PPMU staff, 1 provincial facilitator, 1 PDA, 1 PDRD and 1 PDOWRAM staff were invited and participated.
XVI. On 28 April 2014, a guiding workshop on subsidized sale of seeds and fertilizers was conducted at Hotel Raffle Le Royal, 3 of PPMU staff were invited and participated.
XVII. In June a one-day Workshop on field survey for assessment of dry season 2013 input distribution and data entry for assessment of wet season 2013 inputs distribution was conducted at Hotel Raffle Le Royal. Three PPMU staff were invited and participated in the workshop.
XVIII. On 25 July 2014, a guiding workshop on open village meeting (OVM) procedure for dry season 2014 and mid-term project progress review was conducted by CPMU at Shihanuk province. Six PPMU staff and line departments were invited and participated.
XIX. On 30 September 2014, a guiding workshop on subsidized sale procedure for dry season 2014 was conducted. Two PPMU staff participated.
XX. On 2 October 2014 there was ADB mission conduct field visit to Siem Reap province. The Mission met with the PPMU, line departments, local NGO, Plan International and target communes and target beneficiary to learn about the project progress and impacts.
XXI. On 25 December 2014, a guiding workshop on implementation of farmer technical congress, mushroom cultivation and compost making was conducted. A toal of 26 participants (including 3 females) of target district governors, commune and PDA staff were invited and participated.
XXII. On 12 January 2015 a planning workshop on implementation of farmer technical congress, mushroom room cultivation and compost making was conducted at national level with 5 participants from PDA and PPMU.
XXIII. On 5 February, a training workshop on assessment of wet and dry season input distribution was conducted at national level with 3 participants from PPMU . The actual field assessment survey was conducted with 127 HHs being interviewed.
XXIV. On 27 February, with support from PPMU, Plan International has conducted a phasing out workshop for health, nutrition, livelihoods and hygiene program with 40 participants (including 4 females) from CCs, Commune clerk, district, PPMU and line departments. The workshop was conducted at Khemra hotel, Siem Reap province.
XXV. On 22 June, Standard Operation Procedure of CFSRS dissemination workshop was conducted at Somadevi hotel, Siem Reap province with a total of 111 participants (including 8 females) from all communes, districts, provincial department of agriculture and PPMU.