TARGET DISTRICT AND COMMUNE
OUTPUT I: INCREASED AVAILABILITY TO AND AWARENESS OF NUTRITIOUS FOOD AND HYGIENE AMONG THE FOOD-INSECURE HOUSEHOLDS
A. Cash For Works (CFW) Scheme
I. The PPMU, PDRD and PDOWRAM participated in a two days CFW training workshop at Siem Reap conducted by CPMU to disseminate the updated CFW guidelines and to train the line department officials on the requirements for a CFW sub-project implementation (proposal preparation, implementation and closing out). An exposure visit to a completed CFW and Civil Works road and canal sub-projects was also organized. A total of 5 officials from PPMU, PDRD and PDOWRAM participated in the workshop.
II. Till 31 September 2014, the CPMU has approved a total of 86 CFW sub-project proposals (worth of around USD 824,629) out of which 63 were road rehabilitation sub-projects (around USD 616,485) and 23 were canal rehabilitation sub-projects (around USD 208,143).
Table 1: Status of CFW Sub-Projects in Siem Reap
III. Out of the approved 97 CFW sub-projects, 86 were completed and 11 under implementation. The 86 completed sub-projects have engaged 7,227 beneficiary hhs (including 2,505 women headed hhs); rehabilitated 32.145km of rural road and 9.474 km of tertiary canal; and generated 211,471.31 labour days. A total of around USD 824,012.32 has been disbursed and each participating beneficiary hhs earned around USD91.87 through a CFW sub-projects.
IV. The on-going 11 CFW sub-projects (worth of around USD 141,579) are estimated to rehabilitate a total 4.691km of rural roads. A total of 920 beneficiary households including 431 women headed households are expected to participate and derive benefits from the CFW scheme.
Table 2: Status of Cash Disbursement (USD) for CFW Sub-Projects in Siem Reap
V. PDRD designed two road rehabilitation projects through civil work (CW). Those projects sites are in Trey Nhoar commune of Puok district. PDRD through MRD submitted the proposals for the two projects to the CPMU, and the proposals have been approved by the CPMU. The CPMU has signed contracts for implementation of the projects, as of 31 March 2014, package No.1 is 95% completed and package No.2 is 25% completed and ongoing.
VI. Two CW of road rehabilitation projects were awarded to contractors to construct a total length of 8.580km with contract price of 311,272.63USD. Through these projects, 670 of unskilled labour households (including 100 women head households), 73 participants (including 28 as women) are engaged in the implementations, and will benefit to a total of at least 21,566 (including 10,898 as women). As of 31 December 2014, package No.1 had completed and the contractor has requested the CPMU to do the project completion inspection. Package No.2 is 100% completed and requested to CPMU for project completion.
VII. CPMU has awarded 2 new sub-projects for roads to the contractors to rehabilitate 15.862km with contract amount of 607,683.16USD. Through these sub-projects, the projects will engaged 599 HHs of unskilled labour households (including 220 women head households). The projects benefits to 7,620 (including 4,850 as women). As of 31 March, both packages are 50% completed.
B. Nutrition and Health
VIII. Together with the CPMU, the PPMU coordinated with the Plan International Cambodia (PLAN) to conduct a provincial workshop to kick-start the implementation of the nutrition and livelihoods activities. The workshop was conducted on 31 May 2013 morning and attended by 53 participants from commune councils and district authority, line department officials (PDA, PDH, PDRD & PDOWA) and local NGOs.
IX. From 30 September to 2 October 2013, with the coordination from PPMU, the PLAN has conducted a joint provincial workshop for three provinces (Siem Reap, Banteay Meanchey and Oddar Meanchey) in Siem Reap province for the Field Needs Assessment. The participants were drawn from PPMU, PDRD, PDAFF, PDOWA, PCDM, PDOH, Fishery Administration and local NGOs. The workshop helped the participants to understand the project and to develop plan and conduct the field need assessment more effectively.
X. In October 2013, the PLAN partner organization (HURREDO) has conducted field need assessment in 9 target communes. 5076 beneficiaries among the 97 villages, 9 communes and 4 districts were interviewed and data from the interview was already entered in the given module. Existing SHGs were identified and, interviewed and the data were entered in the Excel Spread sheet. A total of 197 SHGs was identified and 89 SHGs have been interviewed and the data was already entered.
XI. In the implementation of livelihood and nutrition program, 129 existing and 23 new SHGs have been identified and formed. A total of 327 of farmer promoters (including 225 females) and 97 of VHSGs (including 82 female) were identified and selected by HURREDO organization (Plan International’s NGO Partner) for livelihoods activities, food use, nutrition, basic health care, and sanitation trainings.
XII. As of 31 December 2014, under coordination of HURREDO organization, a series of training on general skills, livestock, basic health care, and nutrition have been provided to farmer promoters and village Self Help Groups. The agriculture and livelihood inputs (chicken, pig, chicken’s feeding box, fishing net/tool, fingerling, etc.) were also provided.
OUTPUT II: INCREASED ACCESS TO IMPROVED AGRICULTURAL INPUTS AND TECHNOLOGIES AMONG FOOD-INSECURE FARMERS AND WOMEN
A. Seed and Fertilizer
I. The CPMU conducted Provincial seminar/meeting in the province on 28 March 2013 to train local authorities on (i) identification of beneficiary households eligible to get seed and fertilizer, (ii) assessment of demand, and (iii) conduction of open village meeting (OVM) to validate eligible beneficiary households and demands. A total of 40 participants (including 06 females) from commune councils and district authority together with PPMU officials participated in the workshop.
II. The CPMU conducted a Provincial seminar/meeting in the province on 31 May 2013 to disseminate the Procedure for Sale of Subsidized Rice and Vegetable Seeds and Fertilizer to target beneficiary households in Project target communes in wet season 2013. A total of 129 participants (including 15 females) from commune councils and district authority together with PPMU officials participated in the workshop.
III. Due to the National election, the sale of subsidized seed and fertilizer which was originally scheduled towards the end of June 2013, was rescheduled and took place in August 2013.
IV. A total of 1,198 target farmer households including 462 Female Head Households benefitted from the sale (50% subsidy) of quality seeds and fertilizer for wet season 2013. The amount of money collected from the sale was 261,412,500 Riels.
V. From 22 October to 30 November 2013, PDA provided 8 training courses to 8 target communes on the improved cultivation techniques with demonstration to target beneficiaries. A total of 240 beneficiaries (including 153 females) participated in the training courses.
VI. On 31 October 2013, the PPMU and CPMU provided 6 training courses to 6 target communes on the OVM procedure for the dry season subsidized inputs distribution. A total of 97 participants (including 21 female) from commune councils and village heads/deputy heads participated in the training courses.
VII. From 01 to 04 November 2013, the OVM meeting conducted in 6 target communes for the target beneficiary to validate inputs demand for the dry season. A total of 1,456 beneficiaries (including 410 women head households) requested to buy 94.650 Tons of rice seeds, 237.925 Tons of fertilizers and 365.175 Kilograms of the 7 types of vegetable seeds, from the sale program.
VIII. From 05 to 06 December 2013, the PPMU provided 6 training courses to 6 target communes on the procedure of sale of subsidized seeds and fertilizers for the dry season. A total of 88 participants (including 17 female) from commune councils and village heads/deputy heads participated in the training courses.
IX. With supports from PPMU and CPMU, from 11 to 15 December 2013, the 6 target communes conducted the sale of subsidized seeds and fertilizers program. During the distribution days, CEDAC organization also participated as an independent observer. From the sale program, 1,386 HHs (including 389 women head households and 254 of non women head households) bought/received the inputs while 70 HHs (including 21 women head households) were absent. The amount of money collected from the subsidized sale program was 356,696,000 Riels.
X. On 21 January 2014, the PPMU with supports from CPMU has provided 9 training courses on OVM procedure of sale subsidizes of seeds and fertilizers for wet season 2014 to 9 target communes. A total of 150 participants (including 28 female) from commune councils and village heads/deputy heads participated in the training courses.
XI. From 22 to 23 January 2014, the OVM meeting was conducted in 9 target communes to quantify the demand for seeds and fertilizers for the wet season 2014. A total of 2,120 beneficiaries (including 618 women head households) had registered/thumb printed for the subsidized inputs at the amount of 147.926 Tons of rice seeds, 369.820 Tons of fertilizers and 279.495 Kilograms of the 7 types of vegetable seeds.
XII. In implementation of sale of subsidized seeds and fertilizers program, from 15 to 31 March 2014, PDA has provided 6 training courses to 6 target communes on the vegetable production to target beneficiaries. A total of 136 participants (including 106 female) participated in the training courses.
XIII. In March 2014, PPMU team has conducted a field survey for wet season 2013 impact assessment with total of 133 HH beneficiaries in four target communes (Khnat, Trey Nhoar, Chikraeng and Spean Thnoat commune) interviewed by random sampling method.
XIV. From 16 to 17 May 2014, PPMU team has provided 9 training courses to 9 communes/Sangkats on the procedure for sale of subsidized seeds and fertilizers for the wet season 2014. A total of 125 participants (including 22 females) from commune councils and village heads/deputy heads participated.
XV. From 20 to 25 May 2014, PPMU with supports from CPMU team conducted the subsidized sale of seeds and fertilizers program in 9 target communes where a total 2,120HHs (including 618HHs) had registered for seeds and fertilizers. During the distribution day, CEDAC organization was also participated as an independent observer. From the sale program in the 9 communes, 1670 HHs (including 460 women head households and 677 non-women head households) bought/received the inputs from the program while 450 HHs were absent. The amount of money collected from the second subsidized sale program was 516,686,000 Riels.
XVI. To assess the impact of subsidized inputs sale program, in June a field survey was conducted in Siem Reap Province with 179 HHs selected as samples interviewed.
XVII. In August 2014, PPMU has provided 6 training courses to 6 target communes/Sangkats (excluding Trey Nhoar, Leang Dai commune and Sangkat Ampil) on OVM procedure for subsidized inputs distribution for dry season 2014. A total of 104 participants (including 23 females) from commune councils and village heads/deputy heads participated.
XVIII. From 6 to 7 August 2014, PPMU with support from CPMU team, conducted OVMs in 6 target communes. A total of 1,014 beneficiaries (including 305 women head households) registered/demanded for the seeds and fertilizers at the total amount of 78.175 tons of rice seeds (Sen Kraob), 196.325 tons of fertilizers and 84.240 kilograms of 7 types of vegetable seeds.
XIX. From 6 to 7 August 2014, 4 PPMU staff (including 2 female) were assigned to support Siem Reap PPMU team to conduct OVM meeting for dry season 2014.
XX. At the end of October a series of refresher training on sale procedure were conducted in 6 target communes with total of 87 (including 16 female) of commune councillors and village heads participated.
XXI. From 30 October to 4 November, with supports from PPMU and CPMU team, the 6 target communes has conducted sale of subsidized seeds and fertilizers program in each commune. Total number of HHs registered for seeds and fertilizers of the 6 communes were 1,014HHs (including 305 women head households). From the sale program of the 6 communes, 992 HHs (including 271 women head households and 336 non-women head households) bought/received the inputs from the program while 22 HHs were absent. A total of 76.175 tons of rice seeds, 186.325 tons of fertilizers and 302 of various vegetable seeds were distributed. The amount of money collected from the subsidized sale program was 322,536,000 Riels. During the distribution day, CEDAC organization also participated as an independent observer.
XXII. From 25 to 27 November 2014, with supports from CPMU team PPMU has conducted a field assessment on dry season 2014 to learn about the beneficiary’s use of seeds and fertilizers.
XXIII. On 25 December 2014, a guiding workshop on implementation of farmer technical congress, mushroom cultivation and compost making was conducted with participation of a total of 26 participants (including 3 females) from Commune Councillors and clerk and district governor/deputy.
XXIV. In implementation of subsidized sale of seeds and fertilizers program, on 12 January 2015 a planning cum workshop on implementation of farmer technical congress, mushroom room cultivation and compost making was conducted at national level with 5 participants from PDA and PPMU.
XXV. In March 2015, three training courses and demonstrations on mushroom cultivation were conducted with 70 participant (including 55 females) of poor I & II. Six training courses and demonstrations on compost making were conducted with 132 participants (including 109 females) of poor I&II. A total of six farmer technical congresses were conducted at the commune level with 1,796 participants (including 1238 females) of local farmers.
XXVI. On 4 March, training on wet season 2014 assessment data entry was provided by the CPMU at PPMU office, a total of 3 PPMU team members participated.
B. Emergency Preparedness and Mitigation in Agriculture
XXVII. Dissemination of improved cultivation practices was done through distribution of leaflets during all the sales of subsidized seeds and fertilizers.
XXVIII. CPMU Agriculture Specialist with support from Provincial Facilitator conducted a scoping study in two communes on 08 October 2013. The purpose of the study was to identify appropriate pro-poor community projects to help improve livelihoods, especially of poor women in EFAP-AF target area. A total of 17 participants (including 10 females) participated in the study. The community needs were identified and reported by the Agriculture Specialist.
OUTPUT III: IMPROVED CAPACITY TO MAINSTREAM FOOD SECURITY
A. Mainstreaming Food Security and Nutrition
I. A consultation meeting with Food Security and M &E Specialists was held at PPMU office with participation from PPMU Manager and one PCDM staff. The meeting discussed to assess the capacity need, information sharing mechanism of PCDM with NCDM as well as with CARD FSNIS and how EFAP-AF could intervene to improve performance of PCDM.
II. The National Trainer Pool for FSN of CARD, with the support from the (EFAP-AF) has conducted a three-day provincial FSN Training at Siem Reap province. A total of 21 Provincial Government officials including 10 women officials participated in the trainings. The main objectives of the trainings were:
1. to make aware provincial officials about the basic concept of Food Security and Nutrition;
2. to build capacity on methodology for analyzing the situation of FSN in the province; and
3. to identify intervention strategies and other activities to integrate of FSN into provincial development plan.
OUTPUT IV: EFFECTIVE PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION AND MANAGEMENT
A. Project Management
I. The CPMU conducted a sensitization workshop in the province on 23 November 2012. The main objectives were to disseminate information related to the Project, and to train local authorities on identification of beneficiary households. A total of 33 participants from commune councils and district authority together with PPMU, PDRD, PDOWRAM and PDA officials participated in the workshop.
II. The CPMU conducted a Project launch workshop on 24 December 2012. A total of 5 staffs participated in the workshop.
III. A consultation meeting on sale of subsidized seed and fertilizer was conducted at PPMU Office with participations of H.E Project Director and staffs from PPMU, PDA and CPMU. The meeting discussed the preparation for the next sale of subsidized rice and vegetable seed and fertilizer to beneficiaries for dry season 2013. With instruction from Project Director, the PDA staffs were assigned to do a research and determine the target communes and villages for dry season subsidized distribution program. The Project Director expressed his high appreciation for the project team who tried their best for the success of the first sale event.
IV. The PPMU and CPs officials attended a series of training workshops on project financial management, CFW implementation, etc. organized by the CPMU team.
V. The PPMU conducted several meetings and provided on-the-job training to CPs teams to build their capacity on the development of work-plan and budget, implementation, reporting, CFW proposal development and cash request with support from the responsible provincial facilitator. In addition, the PPMU provided refresher trainings on sale of subsidized seeds and fertilizers to commune council members and village chiefs, etc.
VI. The PPMU also facilitated other project activities guided by the CPMU management. They included the conducting of baseline survey, making comments on PPMS for monitoring project implementation and assessing project performance, and updating the gender action monitoring sheet.
VII. The PPMU together with the provincial facilitator monitored all CFW sub-project sites and participated in all cash disbursements to the project participants to ensure that all are in compliance with the CFW procedures.
VIII. A two-day basic GPS training was conducted in Siem Reap on October 9, 2013 with participation from 1 PPMU and 1 PDRD staffs. After the in-class training, a field practice was done at project sites. In addition, the PPMU Office has also been provided with internet access.
IX. The CPMU conducted workshop on OVM procedure for dry season on 11 October 2013 at Hotel Le Royal, Phnom Penh. Two PPMU staff and provincial facilitator were invited and participated in the workshop.
X. On 22 November 2013, CPMU conducted workshop on the dry season distribution at Hotel Le Royal, Phnom Penh. The participants invited and participated were 1 PPMU staff, 1 PPMU project manager and provincial facilitator.
XI. From 25-26 November 2013, CPMU conducted workshop on PPMS and M&E. The participants invited and participated were 2 PPMU staff, provincial facilitator, 1 PDA staff, 1 PDRD staff and 1 PDOWRAM staff.
XII. On 20 December 2013, CPMU conducted a wrap up meeting/workshop with the ADB mission at Hotel Le Royal, Phnom Penh. The participant invited and participated was a representative of PPMU and provincial facilitator.
XIII. The CPMU conducted workshop on OVM procedure for dry season iputs distribution on 11 October 2013 at Hotel Le Royal, Phnom Penh. Two PPMU staff and provincial facilitator were invited and participated in the workshop.
XIV. A half-day workshop on Open Village Meeting of Seed and Fertilizer Subsidized distribution for wet season 2014 was conducted at provincial office. A total of 33 participants were drawn from commune councils.
XV. A three days training workshop on impact assessment and field survey was conducted by Cross Road to Development. Two PPMU staff, 1 provincial facilitator, 1 PDA, 1 PDRD and 1 PDOWRAM staff were invited and participated.
XVI. On 28 April 2014, a guiding workshop on sale of subsidized seeds and fertilizers was conducted at Hotel Raffle Le Royal, 3 of PPMU staff were invited and participated.
XVII. In June a one-day Cum-Workshop on field survey for assessment of dry season 2013 input distribution and data entry for wet season 2013 input distribution was conducted at Hotel Raffle Le Royal. Three PPMU staff were invited and participated in the workshop.
XVIII. On 25 July 2014, a guiding workshop on open village meeting (OVM) procedure for dry season 2014 and mid-term project progress review was conducted by CPMU at Shihanuk province. Six PPMU staff and line departments were invited and participated.
XIX. On 30 September 2014, a guiding workshop on subsidized input sale procedure for dry season 2014 was conducted. Two PPMU staff participated.
XX. On 2 October 2014 there was ADB mission visiting PPMU, line departments, local NGO, Plan International and target communes and target beneficiary to discuss and learn about the project progress and impacts.
XXI. On 25 December 2014, a guiding workshop on implementation of farmer technical congress, mushroom cultivation and compost making activities was conducted. A total of 26 (including 3 females) of target district governors, commune and PDA were invited and participated.
XXII. On 12 January 2015 a planning cum workshop on implementation of farmer technical congress, mushroom room cultivation and compost making was conducted at national level with 5 participants from PDA and PPMU from Siem Reap.
XXIII. On 5 February 2015, a training workshop on wet and dry season assessment was conducted at national level with 3 participants from the PPMU and the field assessment was conducted with 127 HHs interviewed.
XXIV. On 27 February, with supports from the PPMU, Plan International has conducted a phasing out workshop on health, nutrition, livelihoods and hygiene program at Khemra hotel, Siem Reap province with 40 participants (including 4 females) from CCs, Commune clerk, district, PPMU and line departments.