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Oddar Meanchey

TARGET DISTRICT AND COMMUNE

 

Oddar Meanchey Province: 7 target communes of 5 districts. There are 2 communes such as Lumtong and Thlat are located in Anlong Veng district; 1 commune such as Beng is located in Banteay Ampil district; 1 commune such as Pongro is located in Chong Kal district; 1 Sangkat such as Bansay Reak is located in Krong Samroang; and the other 2 communes such as Bak Anloung and Phaav are located in Trapeang Prasat district. The number of households ID Poor I and II of each target commune are shown in table below:
 


 

OUTPUT I: INCREASED AVAILABILITY TO AND AWARENESS OF NUTRITIOUS FOOD AND HYGIENE AMONG THE FOOD-INSECURE HOUSEHOLDS

 

A. Cash For Works and Civil Work Scheme


I.    The PPMU, PDRD and PDOWRAM participated in a two-days CFW training workshop conducted by the CPMU at Siem Reap to disseminate the updated CFW guidelines and to train the line department officials on the requirements for a CFW sub-project implementation (proposal preparation, implementation and closing out). An exposure visit to a completed CFW and Civil Works road and canal sub-projects was also organized. A total of 5 officials from PPMU, PDRD and PDOWRAM of OMC participated in the workshop.


II. After the training workshop, there were 61 cash for work proposals submitted (50 from PDRD and 11 from PDOWRAM) to the CPMU. A total of 45 CFWs proposal were approved by the CPMU of which 34 were for roads and 11 were for canals rehabilitation. Till date, 25 CFW roads and 8 CFW canal/dams was completed and disbursement made. The payments were made to 1,899 households including 427 women headed. Total beneficiary of both CFW roads and canals was 8,272 including 3,638 females.
Total length of completed cash for work roads was 16.79 km. The roads connect local schools, village to village, rice fields, and health centers. The potential of the completed cash for work canal/dams was able to irrigate739 ha for wet season and 86 ha for dry season cultivation with 1,993 beneficiaries including 908 female. There were 9 CFW roads and 1 CFW canal canceled with the reason of migration and low labor wage. Two CFW canals are ongoing.


                 
Table 1: Status of Approved CFWs implementation progress as June, 2015


                                                                                                           Source: PPMU-OMC June, 2015

III. Five civil work roads proposal have been submitted by PRDR to CPMU through MRD. The CPMU has floated tender for four roads rehabilitation which three were in Lomtong commune and another one was CFWs road laterite. Till date, four projects have been completed.

 

B. Nutrition and Health


V. PPMU, in collaboration with Plan International Cambodia (PLAN) and its partners in the province, organized community need assessment workshop from October 1-3, 2013 in Siem Reap Province, for the implementation of nutrition, health, sanitation and diversified livelihoods activities.


VI. A workshop on Debriefing the Participatory Joint Needs Assessment Result and Investment Package to Relevant Stakeholders was held on November 12, 2013. The aim was to present the draft main findings, beneficiary list, and proposals for the investment packages. During the workshop the Plan Cambodia team provided SGs and PGLDs with all the information and proposals from the participatory joint needs assessment. SGs and PGLDs representatives provided PLAN with their feedback so that the assessment results were revised according to their feedbacks.

 

VII. Information about potential suppliers for livestock breed including its food, and home gardening items was proposed to search at local target areas. PPMU has coordinated with PDA to search for the required information for PLAN.

 

VIII. The PPMU in collaboration with PLAN and its partner NGO conducted a joint provincial workshop for four provinces (Kampong Thom, Kampong Cham, Preah Vihear and Prey Veng) in Kampong Cham province for the training of trainer. The workshop was held on 17-21 February 2014. The participants were from PCDM, PDRD, PDAFF, PDOWA, PDOH and Fishery Administration. The workshop helped the participants to understand and building capacity on the community training assessment.


IX. The PPMU in collaboration with PLAN and its partner conducted a Phasing-out workshop at Siem Reap province on February 27, 2015. The participants from OMC were from PCDM, PDRD, PDAFF, PDOWA, PDOH and Fishery Administration.


OUTPUT II: INCREASED ACCESS TO IMPROVED AGRICULTURAL INPUTS AND TECHNOLOGIES AMONG FOOD-INSECURE FARMERS AND WOMEN


A. Seed and Fertilizer


I.    The CPMU conducted Provincial seminar/meeting in the province on 29 March 2013 to train local authorities on (i) identification of beneficiary households eligible to get seed and fertilizer, (ii) assessment of demand, and (iii) conduction of open village meeting (OVM) to validate eligible beneficiary households and demands. A total of 16 participants (including 03 females) from commune councils and district authority together with PPMU officials participated in the workshop.


II.    The CPMU conducted a Provincial seminar/meeting in the province on 29 May 2013 to disseminate the Procedure of Subsidized Sale of Rice and Vegetable Seeds and Fertilizer to target beneficiary households in Project target communes in wet season 2013. A total of 48 participants (including 13 females) from commune councils and district authority together with PPMU officials participated in the workshop.


III.    PPMU with the supports from CPMU, conducted wet season subsidize sale of seed and fertilizer to poor farmer households in respective target communes on 15-21 August, 2013. As a result, the subsidized distribution was held as planned and successfully with 1,190 beneficiaries including 245 female-headed households receiving the inputs from the project.


IV.    The amount of inputs sold included 86,125 kg of rice seed, 85,750 kg DAP, 130,100 kg of UREA, 245 bags of string bean, 314 bags eggplant, 231 bags cucumber, 48 bags sweet corn, 505 bags glutinous corn and 179 bags of tomato. The total cash collected was 326,052,000 Riel.


Table 2: Status of Subsidized Sale of Quality Seed and Fertilizers for Wet Season 2013


                                                                                                     Source: PPMU-OMC September, 2013

 

V. PPMU with the supports from CPMU, operated dry season subsidize sale of seed and fertilizer to poor farmer households in respective target communes on 3-6 December, 2013. As a result, the subsidized distribution was held as planned with 50 beneficiaries including 17 female-headed households who receiving the inputs from the project.


VI. The amount of inputs sold included 3,350 Kg of rice seed, 3,350 Kg of DAP and 5,025 Kg of UREA, 17 bags of string bean, 10 bags eggplant, 12 bags cucumber, 25 bags sweet corn, 29 bags glutinous corn, 13 bags of tomato.


Table3: Status of subsidize sale of seed and fertilizer in dry season 2013


                                                                                                     Source: PPMU-OMC December, 2013


VII. To prepare for wet season 2014 subsidized sale of quality seed and fertilizer, CPMU had conduct provincial meeting at PPMU on January 14, 2014 to provide presentation and instruction to local authorities on (i) Disseminate experience got from 2013 subsidize sale campaign, (ii) identification of beneficiary households eligible to get seed and fertilizer, (iii) assessment of demand, and (iv) open village meeting (OVM) to validate eligible beneficiary households and demands. A total of 21 participants (including 01 female) from commune councils and district authority together with PPMU officials participated in the workshop.
VIII. Refresher training on OVM procedure was conducted at each target communes a day before OVM campaign. The capacity on OVM procedure of 82 trainees including 5 female from commune council and village leaders was strengthen on January 18, 2014.


IX. OVM to validate eligible beneficiary for wet season 2014 was conducted from 19-20 January, 2014. In total, there are 1,455 eligible poor household proposed to buy rice seed vegetable seed and fertilizer from the project during the OVM. Among that 323 are female headed.


X. PPMU with the supports from CPMU, operated wet season subsidize sale of seed and fertilizer to poor farmer households in respective target communes on 8-11 May, 2014. As a result, the subsidized distribution was held as planned with 1,290 (89%) households including 278 (86%) women-headed households receiving the inputs from the project.


Table 4: Status of Subsidized Sale of Seed and Fertilizers for Wet Season 2014

                                                                                                               Source: PPMU-OMC June, 2014


XI. The input delivered included rice seed (Sen Kra Ob) 110,600 Kg; Fertilizer (DAP) 110,675 Kg; Fertilizer (UREA) 166,275 Kg; String Bean 109 Bags; Egg-plant 135 Bags; Cucumber 73 Bags; Sweet Corn 146 Bags; Glutinous Corn 280 Bags; Tomato 66 Bags and Amarantus 97 Bags. Total cash collected from WS subsidize sale was 469,803,000 Riels.


XII. OVM to validate eligible beneficiaries for dry season 2014 was conducted from 6-7 August, 2014. There were 55 eligible poor households including 16 female headed proposed to buy of rice seed vegetable seed and fertilizer from the project during the OVM.


XIII. On November 12, 2014 PPMU with the supports from CPMU, operated dry season subsidized sale of seed and fertilizer to poor farmer households in respective target communes. As a result, the subsidized distribution was held as planned with 54 (99%) households included 16 (100%) women-headed households who receiving the inputs from the project.


Table 5: Status of Subsidized Sale of Seed and Fertilizers for Dry Season 2014


                                                                                                      Source: PPMU-OMC December, 2014


XIV. The input delivered included rice seed (Sen Kra Ob) 2,000 Kg; Fertilizer (DAP) 2,000 Kg; Fertilizer (UREA) 3000 Kg; String Bean 17 Bags; Egg-plant 8 Bags; Cucumber 10 Bags; Sweet Corn 14 Bags; Glutinous Corn 26 Bags; Tomato 1 Bags and Amarantus 9 Bags. Total cash collected from DS subsidize sale was 8,733,000 Riels.


XV. On June 22, 2015 seed and fertilizer free distribution to strong community and self-help groups was conducted with a lead of CPMU officers. There were 9 strong community/self-help groups with total members of 223 received seed and fertilizer from the Project.


  Table 6: Number of Input free deliver to community/self-help group in OMC
 
                                                                                                                Source: PPMU-OMC June, 2015


B. Emergency Preparedness and Mitigation in Agriculture


XV.    Dissemination of information on improved cultivation practices was done through distribution of leaflets during wet and dry season 2013 & 2014 subsidized sale.


XVI.    Training on the improved rice cultivation to poor farmer households who received the inputs was conducted by PDA with the supports from GDA of MAFF. The training was conducted from October 17, 2013 to October 29, 2013. There were 7 classes in 7 communes and 6 PDA staffs acted as the trainers/facilitators. Total trainee was 190 including 107 females.


XVII.    On October 16-17, 2013, the CPMU Agriculture Specialist with supports from PPMU conducted a scoping study on Identification of Community Projects. The activity is aimed at improving rural livelihoods of poor particularly women through:

  •   Community problem identification
  •   What problems have been solved and what have not yet been solved?
  •   The requirements to solve the remaining problems; what, how, when?
  •   Who will respond to those remaining problems? by group or individual?
  •   The observation on rice crop yield and fertilizer application

3 communes have been selected for the study and the interviews were made with commune chief, commune council members and beneficiary households in each of the selected communes. A total of 14 participants (including 07 females) participated in the study. The community needs were identified and reported by Agriculture Specialist.


XVIII. Training on the improved agriculture production was provided by GDA /PDA. Those training topics were vegetable seed planting technic; natural fertilizer establishment and pesticide. There were 210 HHs including 162 female headed attended the training/topic. Total of target beneficiary who received knowledge on vegetable seed cultivate methodology; and how to use and establish of pesticide and natural fertilizer (Campos) was 630 people included 486 females.


XIX. Workshop to disseminate agricultural congress/training preparation was conducted by CPMU on January 12, 2015 at Cambodiana Hotel. The workshop was chaired by H.E project director, GDA deputy director and International Project Team Leader. There were 5 people from Preah Vihear attended workshop (3 people from PDA one from PPMU and one provincial facilitator). The workshop was presented by H.E project director and instructed by GDA skill officer, CPMU finance officer and facilitated by international project team leader. Draft event plan was proposed to be prepared during workshop, and technical officer from all target provinces prepared their plan.


On January 26, 2015 technical meeting on agricultural congress/training arrangement was held at CPMU office and led by H.E project director. The meeting focused on the identification of number of participants/events, number of courses/congress, location and discussion on financial matters.


On March 6, 2015 meeting on advance clearance for agricultural congress/ training and format documents to be used was conducted at CPMU with presentation provided by CPMU financial officer. The PPMU financial officer and facilitator were invited to join the meeting. Financial supporting documents along with technical instruction were provided during meeting.


Till date, 20 mushroom training and 38 demonstrations was conducted and finished with total participants of 671 poor farmer households including 498 female participants. There are 20 training courses and 40 demonstrations on compost making have been  conducted and finished. The participants in the training on compost making and demonstration were from 530 poor farmer households including 352 women headed.  A total of 33 farmer technical congresses have been conducted and finished. There were 4132 participants including 2771 females join the events.


Table 7: Agricultural congress/training participant's status by month
             
                                                                                                              Source: PPMU-OMC June, 2015

 

OUTPUT III: IMPROVED CAPACITY TO MAINSTREAM FOOD SECURITY


Mainstreaming Food Security and Nutrition


I.    A consultation meeting with Food Security and M &E Specialists was held at PPMU office with participation from two PCDM staff on 9 October 2013. The meeting discussed to assess the capacity need, information sharing mechanism of PCDM with NCDM as well as with CARD FSNIS and how EFAP-AF could intervene to improve performance of PCDM.


II.    The National Trainer Pool for FSN of CARD, with the supports from the (EFAP-AF) has conducted a three-day provincial FSN Training at Oddar Meanchey province on 28-30 August 2013. A total of 30 Provincial Government officials including 4 women officials participated in the trainings. The main objectives of the trainings were:


    1.    to make aware provincial officials about the basic concept of Food Security and Nutrition;
    2.    to build capacity on methodology for analyzing the situation of FSN in the province; and
    3.   to identify intervention strategies and other activities to integrate of FSN into provincial development plan.


III. The National Trainer Pool for FSNwith the support from the (EFAP-AF) has conducted a one day provincial FSN&DM data collection Training at Oddar Meanchey province on March 20, 2015. A total of 34 Provincial Government officials from distrct/ communes including with 6 women officials participated in the trainings. The main objectives of the trainings were: to make awareness provincial officials about the basic concept of Food Security and Nutrition; to build capacity and methodology on how to collect data regarding to FSN and DM in their areas (Village/commune/districts).

 

OUTPUT IV: EFFECTIVE PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION AND MANAGEMENT

 

Project Management


I.    The CPMU conducted a sensitization workshop in the province on 20 November 2012. The main objective were to disseminate information related to the Project and to train local authorities on identification of beneficiary households. A total of 26 participants from commune councils and district authority together with PPMU, PDRD, PDOWRAM and PDA officials participated in the workshop.


II.    The CPMU conducted a Project launch workshop on 24 December 2012. A total of 5 PPMU staffs participated in the workshop.   


III.    A consultation meeting on subsidized sale of seed and fertilizer was conducted at PPMU Office with participations of H.E Project Director and staffs from PPMU, PDA and CPMU. The meeting discussed the preparation for the next subsidized sale of rice and vegetable seed and fertilizer to beneficiaries for dry season 2013. With instruction from Project Director, the PDA staffs were assigned to do research and determine the target communes and villages for dry season subsidized program. The Project Director expressed his high appreciation for the project team who tried their best for the success of the first subsidized sale.


IV.    The PPMU and CPs officials attended a series of training workshops on project financial management, CFW implementation, etc. organized by the CPMU team.


V.    The PPMU conducted several meetings and provided on-the-job training to CPs teams to build their capacity on the development of work-plan and budget, implementation, reporting, CFW proposal development and cash request with support from the responsible provincial facilitator. In addition, the PPMU provided refresher trainings on subsidized sale of seeds and fertilizers to commune council members and village chiefs, etc.


VI.    The PPMU also facilitated other project activities guided by CPMU management. They include the conducting of baseline survey, making comments on PPMS for monitoring project implementation and assessing project performance, and updating the gender action monitoring sheet.


VII.    The PPMU together with the provincial facilitator monitored all CFW sub-project sites and participated in all cash disbursements to the project participants to ensure all were in compliance with the CFW procedures.


VIII.    A two-day basic GPS training was conducted in Otdar Meanchey on October 16-17, 2013 with participation from 1 PPMU and 1 PDRD staffs. After the in-class training, a field practice was done at the project sites. In addition, the PPMU Office internet network was also installed.


IX. A three-day training on Baseline survey and Impact Assessment Results Preparation and How to use of Baseline database, Data entry and analyst by using of SPSS program, was held on 10-12 February 2014.


X. A two-day training and practice on project progress monitoring sheet (PPMS) was conducted at PPMU office on March 27, 2014. The instruction and explanation on how to filling of PPMS was presented by CPMU skilled officers. Provincial facilitator was proposed to be responsible in consolidating all data received from involved sector and submitting to CPMU per quarter required.


XI. A one-day training workshop on impact assessment of dry season 2013 input distribution and the instruction on how to do data entry for wet season 2013 impact assessment and DS-2013 survey instructionwas held at Hotel Raffle Le Royal, Phnom Penh, chaired by H.E project director and facilitated by International Project Team Leader.


XII. A one-day training cum workshop on cash for work impact assessment at Hotel Cambodiana was held and chaired by H.E project director and facilitated by CPMU International Team Leader.


XIII. On December 26, 2014 a joint workshop on Farmer Technical Congress, Mushroom and Compost making was conducted and chaired by H.E project director and facilitated by the CPMU international team leader. The purpose of workshop was to provide presentation on the project progress/results, collect information regarding to commune statistics, ID poor I&II in each communes, and to discuss on farmer technical congress, mushroom and compost making training preparation plan.


XIV. On December 30, 2014 a workshop on project progress and 2015 plan forward was held at Hotel Le President and and chaired by H.E project director. The internal workshop was aimed to show of project progress, results and plan forward


XV. On March 31, 2015 a project hardware handover ceremony was held at Phnom Penh, Hotel. The ceremony was chaired by H.E Minister of Ministry of Economy and Finance. The ceremony were participated by all EFAP-AF target commune (100 communes), and district (33 districts).


XVI. On April 8, 2015 a project motorcycles hand-over ceremony was held at provincial hall. The motorcycles were handed over to 7 target commune chiefs and 5 deputy district governors.